Iran and Syria: The End of the Road?

Jun 30, 2015
In recent months, Bashar al-Assad has suffered numerous setbacks on the battlefield against Syrian opposition forces, and his position is looking increasingly precarious. His longstanding ally, Iran, has been alarmed by these events and has reacted rapidly in a bid to shore up the position of the Ba’athist regime. This article provides an overview of Tehran’s policies and objectives in the Syrian conflict. It also sheds light on developments that have accentuated Iran’s tendency to look at the Syrian crisis as a zero-sum game, and on its possible future behavior depending on the different scenarios that could unfold in Syria.

A Mandate for Mexico

Jun 29, 2015
Mexico is at a critical juncture. The record shows that the first wave of reforms that began 30 years ago failed to deliver the desired boost to economic growth and competitiveness. The reforms now underway promise even bigger changes for the economy, particularly by opening up the long closed petroleum industry. This study offers a qualitative analysis of the deep economic reforms undertaken in Mexico during the past 30 years, the progress made and informed opinions on what is needed today to boost economic growth, enhance competitiveness and, hopefully, increase employment.

Pakistan's Interminable Energy Crisis: Is There Any Way Out?

Jun 29, 2015
Pakistan is convulsed by power shortages that at times have approached 50 percent of total energy demand. And yet the country's energy problems are arguably rooted more in shortages of governance than of pure supply. This new publication offers a series of recommendations to ease one of Pakistan's most serious and intractable challenges.

Rolling Thunder? Saudi Arabia Discovers the Limits of Air Power

Jun 25, 2015
Saudi Arabia and its Arab allies have been bombing Yemen relentlessly with critical American support for three months now—yet this air campaign has had little effect on their foes, the Iranian-backed Houthis who still control most of the country. The Arab coalition is facing the same dilemma as the United States in Iraq and Syria: what to do when overwhelming air power fails to achieve political objectives because of an acute deficit of local support to change the balance of power on the ground.

Water Scarcity Could Deter Energy Developers From Crossing Border Into Northern Mexico

Jun 23, 2015
Proposed oil and gas development zones in Coahuila are among the driest in the Americas. In collaboration with Circle of Blue, the Mexico Institute is working to address the future of energy and water scarcity along the U.S.-Mexico Border.

Kim Gu on Reunification and War, 1948

Jun 23, 2015
A recently unearthed conversation with veteran independence activist Kim Gu (Kim Koo) provides new details on how leaders in southern Korea saw North Korea in 1948 and their predictions about the likelihood of a war in Korea.

Strengthening Africa's Security Governance: Are We Reaching Take-Off Velocity?

Jun 23, 2015
Africa Program Global Fellow Dr. James A. Schear analyzes the Security Governance Initiative (SGI) which was announced at last year's U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit. Schear discusses the aspects of the SGI which he foresees as being the most challenging to implement.
The Regional Cold Wars in Europe, East Asia, and the Middle East: Crucial Periods and Turning Points, edited by Lorenz M. Lüthi

The Regional Cold Wars in Europe, East Asia, and the Middle East: Crucial Periods and Turning Points

Jun 22, 2015
The contributors to this volume systematically explore the crucial turning points in the Cold War on all of its diverse fronts and examine the mutual interconnections of events in diverse regional Cold War theaters.

The Unregulated and Threatening Growth of Private Security in Latin America and the Caribbean

Jun 22, 2015
In “The Unregulated and Threatening Growth of Private Security in Latin America and the Caribbean,” Adam Blackwell, current Secretary for Multidimensional Security at the OAS, discusses the problems associated with private security throughout Latin America and the Caribbean.

10 Years of Multidimensional Security

Jun 22, 2015
Adam Blackwell, highlights the contributions made by the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security (SMS) at the OAS. According to Blackwell, the Secretariat has achieved significant accomplishments in the areas of narcotics, gangs and gang violence, de-mining and firearms reduction, cyber security, and nurturing the growth of AMERIPOL.