View Recent action in Congress to reauthorize the U.S. federal nanotechnology research program offers the chance to address the social and ethical issues concerning the emerging scientific field, experts say. “It is crucial to address social and ethical issues now as we consider both the substantial potential risks of nanotechnology and its possible significant contributions to our well-being and environmental sustainability,” says Ronald Sandler, Northeastern University philosophy professor and author of a new report funded by the Project and the National Science Foundation. The report emphasizes ways in which such topics intersect with governmental functions and responsibilities, including science and technology policy, as well as research funding, regulation and work on public engagement.
Synthetic biology will allow scientists and engineers to create biological systems that do not occur naturally as well as to re-engineer existing biological systems to perform novel and beneficial tasks. This 2009 report presents a framework for addressing the social and ethical issues surrounding the field.
View WASHINGTON - Historically, the regulation of dietary supplements has been a significant challenge for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the fact that some of these products are now being manufactured using nanotechnology creates an additional layer of complexity. This new report asks the question: Is FDA equipped to meet the emerging regulatory challenge of dietary supplements that use engineered nanomaterials? The short answer is no.
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This report, based on a conference organized by the Latin American Program and the Brazil Institute, summarizes the multiple and complex perceptions held by Brazilians as well as a host of other countries in the region regarding Brazil's "emergence" as a regional and global power.
Published in December 2008, this report describes some of the most innovative educational programs in the country, which have succeeded in raising student performance and teacher preparedness. As a particular focus, it highlights those programs that have been effective in motivating minority and female students in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. It also presents the perspectives of key leaders in education, including former Congressman Sherwood Boehlert, Congressman Brian Baird, and a group of distinguished classroom teachers.The STAGE Program's focus on education and the completion of this report were made possible through a generous grant from the Petrie Foundation.
Ruling on controversial cases such as abortion and stem cell research, Brazil's Supreme Federal Tribunal (STF) has become a highly visible institution that plays a central role in Brazil's maturing democracy. In his first visit to the U.S. since assuming the rotating presidency of the STF last April, Minister Gilmar Mendes spoke at the Woodrow Wilson Center on October 24, 2008, about constitutional adjudication in Brazil and the challenges of reconciling the protection of fundamental rights with democracy. This Special Report is an original essay written by Gilmar Mendes.
In Part II of this Special Report on Amazonian literature, Sá synthesizes two chapters from her book Rain Forest Literatures: Amazonian Texts and Latin American Culture and reconceptualizes how indigenous texts are viewed and used in literature, seeing the texts as creative works rather than source material.
When one thinks of the Amazon, art is rarely the first thing that comes to mind. But it was the Amazon—and specifically, the bustling, ethnically diverse port city of Manaus—that gave Brazil one of its most famous contemporary poets, Thiago de Mello, and a world-renowned orchestra conductor, Claudio Santoro. Manaus is also the birthplace of Milton Hatoum and Márcio Souza, novelists whose creative work have brought renewed attention to Amazonian cultural production. In Part I of this Special Report, Souza highlights the uniqueness of the history and culture of the Amazon and its contribution to Brazilian art.