U.S. policymakers have compared the challenge of managing threats in the cyber domain to that of controlling nuclear weapons during the Cold War. The United States and China are currently negotiating what would be the first cyber arms control agreement to ban attacks on each other’s critical infrastructure in peacetime. The Obama administration believes such an agreement could lead to a broader “international framework” of norms, treaties, and institutions to govern cyberspace. Arms control and deterrence are longstanding U.S. policy instruments that are being revived and retooled to meet contemporary cyber challenges. But the utility of these Cold War strategies, which constitute necessary but not sufficient measures, will be inherently limited owing to fundamental differences between the nuclear and cyber domains.
This is an update to Chapter 8 of the book "Energy and Security: Strategies for a World in Transition."
The border between Mexico and the United States is one of the most dynamic in the world. This essay aims to offer a holistic approach and view of the border region. It focuses on the key aspects that comprise it, and also explains the mechanisms established by Mexico and the United States, describing the strong collaboration that has been accomplished by both countries.
Morocco’s latest elections were ground-breaking, because for the first time citizens were allowed to vote for local and regional representatives directly. The results of these regional and local council elections show Morocco as an emerging democracy. They also indicate people’s greater understanding of what elections mean and attest to a general renewal of trust in public matters.
Worker-Mothers on the Margins of Europe explores the gendered moral economies of undocumented migrants from a postsocialist state, following Moldovan women who “commute” for six to twelve months at a time to work as domestics in Istanbul.
This edition of the MENA Women Quarterly Report covers women’s advances and setbacks in politics, economics, conflict situations, and human rights issues throughout the MENA region from July-September 2015 and includes a special feature on women’s mobility.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) provides new market access in traditional trading areas, generates greater certainty for U.S. exporters to emerging markets, and builds competitiveness in the innovation economy. Although the TPP is far from perfect, it will help U.S. businesses compete and prosper in new markets and will consolidate U.S. rebalancing to Asia. These gains will all depend on whether the agreement is ratified by the United States through approval by Congress and by other countries through their own procedures.
This policy brief outlines what the Deep Web and Darknet are, how they are accessed, and why we should care about them.
The civil war in South Sudan, characterized by ongoing violence and broken ceasefires, is, for the moment, paused by a tenuous peace agreement. To make it stick, the need for regional mediation and international pressure is greater than ever. In this policy brief, Southern Voices Network Scholar Getachew Zeru Gebrekidan, examines the key role IGAD--a regional group composed of Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, and Uganda--has played in the peace process and recommends greater coordination between IGAD, the U.S., and other key international stakeholders and deeper engagement in the peace process.