Azerbaijan | Wilson Center


Beyond Nabucco: An Update on the Southern Gas Corridor and European Energy Security

The race to build the Southern Energy Corridor to bring Caspian natural gas to Europe is in its final stages.  The Shah Deniz consortium in Azerbaijan is set to once and for all decide the long-pending "Nabucco question".  How will this improve European energy security?  What are the implications for regional geopolitics involving Russia and Turkey?  What are the interests of the United States in the region's transforming strategic landscape?

European Energy Security is Not Up to Europe

In an article discussing ways to avoid Europe's energy dependency on Russia, Alexandros Petersen, advisor to the European Energy Security Initiative, argues that EU countries should "...bring non-Russian gas to European markets along a route that does not traverse territory over which Russia has influence." As an alternative to Russian natural gas, Petersen points to Caspian natural resources, and more specifically to the construction of a gas pipeline from Baku to the EU border - a project of the Shah Deniz consortium in Azerbaijan.

Connecting the Caucasus with the World: Railways & Pipelines

New pipeline and railway projects in the Caucasus are the engines of its economic development. They are also geopolitically vital for the region and the world. The Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) pipeline, in operation since 2005, is a prime example of infrastructure development in the Caucasus, said Jonathan Elkind, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs, U.S.

A New Energy Partner for Europe

Alexandros Petersen, advisor to the European Energy Security Initiative, published a commentary in the National Interest discussing the construction of a natural gas pipeline connecting Azerbaijan with southeastern Europe via Turkey. To view, or download the full text of the article, click here.

The Role of Azerbaijan’s Post-Conflict National Narrative in Limiting Refugees’ and IDPs’ Integration into Mainstream Society

Nagorno Karabakh is often referred to as one of the former Soviet Union’s “frozen conflicts” with little explanation of how the conflict “froze” or might “thaw.” Jennifer S. Wistrand, Title VIII-Supported Research Scholar, Kennan Institute draws upon twenty-two months of ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Azerbaijan, shedding light on some of the socio-cultural factors impeding both the peaceful resolution of the status of the region on a geopolitical level and the “successful” integration of Azerbaijan’s refugees and IDPs into mainstream society.

Stalin and the Turkish Crisis of the Cold War, 1945-1953

Jamil Hasanli, former Wilson Center scholar and professor of history at Baku State University will discuss his latest book, "Stalin and the Turkish Crisis of the Cold War, 1945-1953." Hasanli will explore the ups and downs of Soviet-Turkish relations during and immediately after World War II.  Hasanli draws on declassified archive documents from the United States, Russia, Armenia, Georgia, Turkey, and Azerbaijan to recreate a picture of the time when the 'Turkish crisis' of the Cold War broke out explaining why and