Central Africa | Wilson Center

Central Africa

Making Peace After Genocide

It is a small country, no larger than the state of Maryland, with a population numbering just over 8 million. The dimensions of the human tragedy that has played itself out in Burundi since the country’s independence in 1960, however, are anything but diminutive: an estimated 400,000 killed, some 800,000 forced to flee the country, and many tens of thousands internally displaced.

Sexual Violence and the Political and Security Implications in the Congo

In a conference co-sponsored by the International Crisis Group and the Wilson center, Executive Vice President Mike Van Dusen opened up by welcoming participants.  He then stated that the tragedy of the Democratic Republic of Congo in recent years has many historical antecedents: 32 years of “Mobutuism,” two brutal wars in the 1990s, and continued armed conflict since, all characterized by civilian abuse, victimization, and denial of humanitarian assistance that has cost as many as 3 million lives, possibly far more.

Coffee and Contraception: Combining Agribusiness and Community Health Projects in Rwanda

"Population pressures and diminishing land holdings--due to high fertility rates, war and genocide, and subsequent migration--have caused a rapid decrease in the forested and protected areas and increased soil infertility and food insecurity" in Rwanda, USAID's Irene Kitzantides told a Wilson Center audience.

Creating Opportunities for Peace Through Regional Trade in the African Great Lakes Region

The countries of Africa's Great Lakes region are blessed with abundant natural resources. But instead of bringing prosperity to the region's people, trade in minerals, metals, and timber products has fueled devastating conflicts and contributed to the area's widespread poverty.

Minerals, Forests, and Conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The tremendous forest and mineral wealth of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is critical to the country and its people's political, economic, and social future. John Katunga, a DRC national and experienced conflict mediator, explored the interconnections between natural resource wealth and stability at an event co-sponsored by the Wilson Center's Environmental Change and Security Program and Africa Program on October 4, 2006.

Book Launch: The Tenth Parallel: Dispatches from the Fault Line Between Christianity and Islam

The latitudinal tenth parallel — located 700 miles above the equator — constitutes a "faith-based fault line" between Islam and Christianity, said Eliza Griswold at the launch of her latest book, The Tenth Parallel: Dispatches from the Fault Line Between Christianity and Islam at the Wilson Center on September 16, 2010. The former Wilson Center public policy scholar traveled more than 9,000 miles to six countries along the line.

Issue 17: Sharing the Forest: Protecting Gorillas and Helping Families in Uganda

On the outskirts of remote Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in southwestern Uganda, endangered mountain gorillas forage in local gardens that run along the border of the park. Rapid population growth has pushed people to settle near the gorillas' habitat – sometimes leading to conflict. Our innovative community development program, Conservation Through Public Health, seeks to conserve these magnificent animals, and at the same time, improve the quality of life for Ugandans living near Bwindi.

Best of the Beat: Highlights From the First Year

The New Security Beat, ECSP’s blog, was launched in January 2007 to shed light on some of today’s broader security issues, including water scarcity, environmental degradation, and population growth. The posts below are selected highlights from the first year of the New Security Beat, which won a 2008 Global Media Award for Excellence in Population Reporting in the category of “Best Online Commentary.”