Central Africa | Wilson Center

Central Africa

Africa’s Long Spring

Long before it came to the Arab world, spring swept through sub-Saharan Africa. In 1990, Mozambique drafted its first multiparty, democratic constitution. The next year saw multiparty elections in what had been one-party states in Benin, Gabon, and Zambia, as well as the overthrow of Mali’s dictator and, subsequently, the election of new leaders. Every succeeding year brought new steps forward for democracy—in Ghana, Kenya, and the Republic of the Congo in 1992, and elsewhere on the continent in subsequent years.

Africa Rising

For decades, much of the news about Africa was negative. From disease and famine to horrific violence, the continent has certainly endured its share of problems. And while challenges remain, positive trends are leading to increasing good news from across the African continent. To learn more about those trends and developments, and also about U.S. involvement with the nations of Africa, we spoke with Johnnie Carson, a former ambassador to three African nations who currently serves as Assistant Secretary of State for the State Department’s Bureau of African Affairs.

Director's Forum: The United States – Africa Partnership: The Last Four Years and Beyond

ASSISTANT SECRETARY CARSON: Thank you. Thank you very, very much. I want to thank Michael for his opening remarks and his very, very kind introduction. He’s right; we have known one another and have been friends for many, many years, and it’s a pleasure to have him introduce me today.

Africa UP Close

 

Beyond AGOA: An Update Case for a Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Between Africa and the United States

The Africa Program of the Wilson Center is concerned that, with the expiration of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) in 2015 and rapid developments on the African continent in terms of private capital inflows, Chinese presence, economic growth (second fastest growing region in the world), and unlimited economic possibilities for this emergent continent, the United States does not have a comprehensive and coordinated economic policy towards Africa. Certainly the recent Presidential Policy Determination, issued in June, was positive in this regard, but specifics are lacking.

“The African Union 2012 and Beyond”: The Vision of Chairperson Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma

An Eye Toward the Future

The future of Africa is promising. Even though, the continent has made commendable efforts in development; more needs to be done. Hence, African states need to invest and actively work to make Africa the power it ought to be in the world.

Sub-Saharan Africa: Maintaining Growth in an Uncertain World

The IMF Regional Economic Outlook for Sub-Saharan Africa, launched in Tokyo on October 12, 2012, highlights that economic conditions in the region have remained generally robust against the backdrop of a sluggish global economy. The near-term outlook for the region is also broadly positive: growth is projected at 5¼ percent a year through 2012–13.

Policy Implications of the Recent Developments in North Kivu

Since April 2012, a group of rebel forces calling themselves the March 23 Movement (M23)  has engaged in violence with the Congolese national army, or FARDC. Not only has the insurgency led to constantly rising death tolls, but it has also heightened tensions between Great Lakes countries concerning North Kivu's porous borders and the authors of this violence. The violence is also linked to the region's vast mineral wealth, making the situation more pressing.

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