Central Africa | Wilson Center

Central Africa

Security Sector Reform in the DRC: Innovations and Complications

The United States has been engaged in Security Sector Reform (SSR) in the DRC since 2006.  However, without strong political will to improve security, overall improvement has stagnated.  The Congolese army, the FARDC, is still seen as a factitious group of rebel militias and is still a leading perpetrator of sexual violence.  The police and justice systems are generally viewed as corrupt institutions.  Yet there are creative and innovative projects making changes on the ground.  What is the way forward for SSR in the DRC?  What complications still need to be overcome?

Severine Rugumama

Woodrow Wilson Center Fellow 

September 2006 - May 2007

USG's Support for Free and Transparent Elections in the DRC

Ambassador James F. Entwistle, U.S. Ambassador to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, U.S. State Department;

Steve McDonald, Director of the Africa Program and Project on Leadership and Building State Capacity, The Wilson Center;

Almami I. Cyllah, Regional Director of Africa, International Foundation for Electoral Systems;

David Pottie, Associate Director for the Democracy Program, The Carter Center