Egypt | Wilson Center


Strengthening Egypt’s Refugee Programs

Over the past two years the number of registered refugees and asylum seekers in Egypt has increased by 21 percent. Today, Egypt is among the highest destination countries in Africa receiving documented and undocumented immigrants. Many are African, Yemeni, or Syrian refugees fleeing political instability, conflict, and civil war.

Muslim Brotherhood: Friend or Foe?

In this edition of Wilson Center NOW we discuss the Trump administration’s effort to designate the Muslim Brotherhood a terrorist organization and pursue possible sanctions against the Islamist political movement.  Wilson Center Fellow Amy Austin Holmes explains how this decision might not meet the legal criteria for this terrorist designation and could open up a new conflict between the US government and Muslims throughout the region.


Operating from the Margins: Women’s Rights Organizations in Egypt

On March 8, 2019, Egypt as well as the rest of the world celebrate International Women’s Day. Usually, on that day, like many cities around the world, Egyptian women and activists across the political spectrum unite and demonstrate issues pertaining to women and minorities. In Egypt, however, this symbolic celebration is muffled for the fifth year in a row as a result of the crackdown on the Egyptian civil society that was further enhanced after passing the restrictive NGO Law no. 70 of 2017.

Egyptian Women: The Gap Between the Haves and the Have Nots

It’s hard to talk about the status of Egyptian women in any sector without addressing the gap between the haves and the have nots. While some women continue to make headlines, others are stuck in the doldrums of living below the poverty line. Although female literacy rates have increased from 22.4% in 1976 to 68% in 2015, illiteracy remains an impediment towards equal human rights.

Global Fellow David D. Kirkpatrick's Book Selected One of the Economist's Books of the Year

Global Fellow David D. Kirkpatrick's book Into the Hands of the Soldiers: Freedom and Chaos in Egypt and the Middle East was featured on The Economist's books of the year list in the December 1st issue. The book was listed as number five in the "Politics and current affairs" category.

Statement on the Sentencing of Ismail Alexandrani

The Wilson Center is deeply concerned by the process leading to what appears to be an egregious 10-year prison sentence that an Egyptian military court imposed on Ismail Alexandrani, an Egyptian researcher, investigative journalist, and former Wilson Center Fellow.

We have been in touch with the State Department, which has been closely following Alexandrani’s case since his arrest in 2015. The U.S. Embassy in Cairo has raised it several times with the Egyptian government in the context of human rights concerns.

Conversations with Zhou Enlai: The Collection Continues to Grow

The Cold War International History Project has just translated and published 25 of Zhou Enlai's conversations with other world leaders, including Kim Il Sung, Ho Chi Minh, and Gamal Abdel Nasser.

Egypt in the Wake of Presidential Elections

With no serious opposition and despite low turnout, Egyptian President Abdul Fattah Sisi is poised to win a landslide reelection.

What do the results tell us about Sisi’s domestic position, his influence within the Egyptian military, and his popularity on the street? And, going forward, does he have an approach or strategy to deal with the economic, political, security, and foreign policy challenges that Egypt faces?

The Political Dilemma: American-Egyptian Relations and the Postwar Petroleum Order

After the Second World War, President Harry Turman's administration developed a strategy to block the spread of Soviet Communism into the Middle East and help maintain the flow of Middle Eastern oil to the West. Often referred to as the Postwar Petroleum Order (PPO), the policy changed frequently from administration to administration, but the overall goal remained: containment of Soviet Communism. However, differences between Lyndon Johnson and Gamal Abdel Nasser would lead to the collapse of the PPO.