Europe

The Catalan Crisis: Implications for Spain and Beyond

Catalonia’s unconstitutional October referendum and its subsequent unilateral declaration of independence brought the secessionist cause into the international spotlight. Fast forward to today, when several members of the Catalan government await trial in Spain and the fate of former regional President Carles Puigdemont, currently in Belgium, remains uncertain.

Alternate Forms of Brexit and Their Implications for the UK, the EU, and the US

Brexit is the first time since World War II that a developed country has decided to leave a major international institution without military defeat or political revolution. RAND’s study, "After Brexit: Alternate Forms of Brexit and their Implications for the United Kingdom, the European Union, and the United States," uses game theory to analyze the broad issues, then delves into the potential economic effects of five “hard Brexit” and three “soft Brexit” options.

The Soviet Intervention that Never Happened

Records of a Tito-Brezhnev call suggest the Kremlin mulled intervention in Yugoslavia in 1971

The Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968 reverberated far outside of Prague. In Yugoslavia, the local leadership assumed that Moscow’s assault on the CSSR—a maneuver characteristic of the so-called Brezhnev Doctrine of limited sovereignty—created a dangerous precedent.

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