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Germany

Demolition on Karl Marx Square: Cultural Barbarism and the People’s State in 1968

It has been presumed that East Germans were passive after their failed 1953 Uprising. More recent scholarship has even claimed that they enjoyed a People’s State, in which Communist leaders sought to satisfy their everyday needs.

The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and the German Nuclear Question Part 1, 1954-1964

This posting is part of a series of document collections co-published by the National Security Archive and the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project to mark the 50th anniversary of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

How Modern was Hitler’s Dictatorship?

Scholars distinguish traditional from modern dictatorships on the basis of their goals and tactics. Hitler and Stalin epitomize the traditional, marked by reliance on violence and efforts to impose ideologies.

Looted Stasi Files Reappear in Denmark After Over 60 Years

Above: A footprint is visible on the back of one of the documents taken during the 1953 uprising.

East Germany's Eurocentric Definition of Counterterrorism

The question of what role the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe played in supporting international terrorism between the 1960s and 1989 became a significant one in the last decades of the Cold War.    The files of East Germany’s Ministry of State Security, especially its division devoted to counterterrorism (Terrorabwehr) reveal an interesting and complex twist on this familiar topic.

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