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Germany

How the GDR Capitalized on the Arab-Israli Conflict

The Six-Day War, viewed from East Berlin

News of Arab defeat in the Six-Day War initially came as a blow to the German Democratic Republic. Egypt—an Arab geostrategic partner whose attentions East Germany desired and courted—lost most of its aircraft in just a few hours, having been taken by surprise by the Israeli Aviation Forces (IAF). While at first it seemed that the Arab states could defeat Israel, by the end of the week it became clear that the Arab coalition had suffered another severe loss.

North Korea and the East German Stasi, 1987-1989

The archives of the East German Stasi feature revelations about North Korea’s intelligence services and international relations at the end of the Cold War

Although the archives of the former Soviet Union and the Eastern bloc have revealed much about North Korea’s foreign policies and the country’s domestic conditions, these sources tell us very little about North Korea’s international intelligence cooperation, its domestic intelligence services, or its military structures and practices.

Isolationism vs. Multilateralism: 100 Years on the Global Stage

MP Niels Annen is a foreign policy leader in the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). Since 2014, he has served as spokesperson on foreign affairs of the SPD Parliamentary Group in the German Bundestag, where he represents the electoral district Hamburg-Eimsbüttel. He is also a member of the SPD’s executive committee. Annen was first elected to the Bundestag in 2005, and was a member until 2009, before being re-elected in 2013. He currently is a permanent member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs and a substitute member of the Committee on Economics and Energy. Mr.

Strategic Gossip

Getting the story straight on Germany’s nuclear ambitions

On March 19th, 1969, alarm spread through the British security establishment. Rumors of West German nuclear weapons ambitions could no longer be dismissed as Warsaw Pact propaganda. Highest-level French officials warned of their common ally's secret plutonium reprocessing projects. One advisor of President de Gaulle was quoted:

Book Launch | Konrad Wolf – But I Saw It Myself, This is the War: War Diary and Letters, 1942-1945

Konrad Wolf (1925-1982), renowned film director and longtime president of the East Germany’s Academy of Arts, left behind an extraordinary collection of historical documents: his War Journal. In three small notebooks of tightly written handwriting, the journal details his early years as a young man and solider enlisted in Soviet Russia’s Red Army (1943-1945).

Senator Keating’s Source

How West German intelligence discovered Soviet missiles in Cuba

One of the longest-standing mysteries of the Cuban Missile Crisis is how a Republican senator from New York learned of the existence of Soviet missile bases in Cuba a month and a half before the CIA obtained the first visible proof of the missiles.

Time of Uncertainty: How the EU and Germany See Today’s Russia

Perception of Russia in the EU and German foreign policy concepts

The architecture of the EU’s foreign policy relations and domestic agenda of its member states have been undergoing some serious changes. The European system of checks and balances has become unbalanced and no longer functions properly. Seventy years after the end of World War II, Europe is once again a continent on which military conflicts occur, borders are redrawn, and the number of people seeking refuge and safety is greater than in the decades during and after World War II.

Merkel Will Continue to Be Tested by German-Turkish Ties in 2017

The rocky path for German Chancellor Angela Merkel and German-Turkish relations will continue into 2017 after a year of increasing tension. Despite a positive start to the beginning of 2016, ties were tested severely throughout the year. The worsening refugee crisis in the fall of 2015 reenergized bilateral relations as Merkel saw Turkey as a necessary partner to stem the flow of refugees seeking to reach Europe.

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