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India

Parks for Peace or Peace for Parks? Issues in Practice and Policy

An upcoming ECSP publication—based on a conference held in September 2005 at the Wilson Center—will explore the rhetoric and reality of peace parks, including their goals and the factors that determine their success or failure. Drawing on future plans and successful projects in southern Africa, Kashmir, and South America, the authors debate whether peace parks can protect the environment and promote conflict resolution. ECSP Report presents excerpts from five of the conference papers as a preview of the publication forthcoming in 2006.

ECSP Report 11: Reviews of New Publications

Experts review new publications:

ECSP Report 7: Special Reports

The Linkages Between Population and Water: Forthcoming Articles from ECSP

In collaboration with the University of Michigan Population Fellows Program, ECSP commissioned in fall 2000 a series of articles to examine global and regional linkages between population and water. The interplay among these issues is at the heart of this project.Each of the three articles (summarized below) has been jointly written by a pair of authors, representing both a Northern and Southern perspective. Each article also draws on regional case-study material.

PECS News Issue 5 (Fall 2001)

PECS News Issue 5 includes:

Conflict and Contagion: A South Asia Simulation, featuring Dr. Helene Gayle (Event Summary)

Young Men and War: Could We Have Predicted the Distribution of Violent Conflicts at the End of the Millennium? (Event Summary)

Debating the Real State of the World: Are Dire Environmental Claims Backed by Sound Evidence? (Event Summary)

Geographic Information Systems as a Tool for Population-Environment Research - Jennifer Wisnewski Kaczor

Finding the Source: Urbanization and Intersectoral Competition for Water

This article examines the implications of urbanization for intersectoral competition over water, not only in technical or economic terms, but also in terms of political and social dynamics as well as the possibilities to meet the water needs of growing cities. It begins by looking at the water needs of each sector in urban and rural areas—the quantity, timing, and quality of water demand. The article identifies promising technical and institutional options for supply and demand management to provide adequate water services.

India's Contemporary Security Challenges

Lurking beneath India's many success stories are a range of internal and external security challenges. This new , edited by program associate Michael Kugelman, examines the Maoist insurgency, India's strategic environment, naval modernization, relations with China and Pakistan, and the U.S.-India relationship.

Book Event: <i>Dead Reckoning: Memories of the 1971 Bangladesh War</i>

In 1971, civil war convulsed Pakistan, eventually leading to the secession of East Pakistan and the establishment of Bangladesh. Dead Reckoning, a new book by Oxford University scholar Sarmila Bose, challenges assumptions about the nature of this conflict, and reveals how the war continues to play out in South Asia today. Bose discussed her book at a March 15 Asia Program event. Arnold Zeitlin, who witnessed the conflict while serving as the Associated Press bureau chief in Pakistan, offered commentary.

The "Gravest Threat" to Internal Security: India's Maoist Insurgency

Once a modest pro-peasant movement, India's Maoist (Naxalite) insurgency has now become what New Delhi describes as the nation's biggest internal security threat. The campaign has spread to 20 of India's 29 states, and across more than a third of the country's 626 districts, most of them in the impoverished east. On July 15, the Asia Program, with assistance from the Environmental Change and Security Program, hosted an event that examined the insurgency's main drivers, identified its prime tactics and strategies, and considered the best ways to respond.

Addicted? Assessing India's Growing Dependence on Energy Resources Abroad

India boasts one of the world's fastest growing economies. Accompanying this growth is a rapidly increasing demand for energy. India is currently the world's fifth largest energy consumer, and is expected to vault to third place by 2030—behind only the United States and China. Because of limited energy reserves at home, India is increasingly looking abroad to satisfy much of this voracious demand. On July 22, the Asia Program, with assistance from the Global Energy Initiative, hosted a panel discussion on India's external energy security policy.

The Other Side of the Indian Growth Story: Confronting Agriculture and Rural Development

This Asia Program event, co-sponsored with the Environmental Change and Security Program of the Wilson Center, asked the important question of how and why agriculture and rural development factor into long-term economic growth and poverty reduction in India. Reducing world poverty is the first of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) chosen by the international community.

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