Middle East and North Africa | Wilson Center

Middle East and North Africa

The "Strategic" Partnership Between India and Iran (PDF)

ABSTRACT: India and Iran—one the object of much wooing from Washington, the other a member of President Bush’s “axis of evil” —announced the creation of a “strategic partnership” in 2003. This Special Report explores the new cordiality in relations between New Delhi and Tehran, as well as the ways this partnership may impact upon the interests of other regional players. Christine Fair explains the calculations that make Iran an attractive partner for New Delhi, and concludes that the bilateral relationship is here to stay. Jalil Roshandel offers an Iranian perspective on the relationship.

Secularism in the Muslim Diaspora (Summer 2009)

This publication is based upon presentations given at a conference on “Secularism in the Muslim Diaspora” in 2008 at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Four speakers discussed secularism among the Muslim diasporas in the United Kingdom, Germany, France, and the Netherlands and beyond. The questions they raised included: are secularism and its attendant ideas compatible with Islam? What are the problems of the Muslim diasporas assimilating into European societies? Should shar‘iah be incorporated into European legal systems?

Community Resilience: A Cross-Cultural Study

This report draws from the dialogue and seminar papers shared at a December 2008 meeting co-hosted by the Wilson Center and the Fetzer Institute to explore conditions that promote resilience and examine compelling examples of community resilience worldwide.

283. East Europe in the Middle East: Contributions and Challenges

Ronald Linden is Professor of Political Science at the University of Pittsburgh. Meeting Report 283.

Population in Defense Policy Planning

U.S. defense policymakers should watch four demographic trends, says Jennifer Dabbs Sciubba: youthful populations, changes in military personnel, international migration, and urbanization. "The military does not always have the tools to address these population and development issues, but by drawing on a wider community for support, they lessen the chances that they will have to deal with the consequences," she says.

From Conflict to Peacebuilding: UNEP's Role in Environmental Assessment and Recovery

"If people cannot find clean water for drinking, wood for shelter and energy, or land for crops, what are the chances that peace will be successful and durable? Very slim," says David Jensen of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), who describes UNEP's activities in Afghanistan, Sudan, and other areas of conflict. "UNEP seeks to ensure that countries rebuilding from conflict identify the sustainable use of natural resources as a fundamental prerequisite and guiding principle of their reconstruction and recovery."

Navigating Peace Initiative: Water Conflict and Cooperation

The Navigating Peace Initiative’s Water Conflict and Cooperation Working Group commissioned four policy briefs to identify the current and emerging trends in water conflict and cooperation.

U.S. Military and Environmental Security in the Gulf Region

Oil spills, water shortages, earthquakes, and desertification are only some of the potential environmental threats to the Persian Gulf region’s security, but multilateral and regional efforts to address these problems could help build bridges between nations, writes Rear Admiral John F. Sigler, USN (Ret.).

From Environmental Peacemaking to Environmental Peacekeeping

While it is still not clear if environmental cooperation can lead directly to peace, we should explore the environment’s potential as a peacemaking tool in this increasingly unstable and conflictual world, writes Erika Weinthal.

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