Middle East and North Africa

USAID/Egypt Health and Population: Legacy Review and the Way Forward

A panel of speakers discussed the long-term effects of USAID initiatives in Egypt, as reported in a new "Legacy Review," which details the past 30 years of USAID health sector assistance in Egypt.

UN Nuclear Watchdog Warns on Iran and Syria

The International Atomic Energy Agency, the UN nuclear watchdog, issued new reports today on Iran and on Syria, which show the agency's frustration in verifying these countries' nuclear activities.

The report on Iran shows that the Islamic Republic continues to enrich uranium in defiance of UN Security Council resolutions calling for a halt. Iran now has over 6,000 centrifuges enriching uranium, which can be used to power civilian reactors but also to make atom bombs.

Yemen Beyond the Headlines: Population, Health, Natural Resources, and Institutions

"Ultimately, whether Yemen is able to achieve its goals for social and economic development, will, to a large extent, depend on its future population growth and size," said Gary Cook, senior health advisor at the U.S. Agency for International Development, in his opening address at the Woodrow Wilson Center's all-day conference, "Yemen Behind the Headlines: Population, Health, Natural Resources, and Institutions."

Panel I: Population and Development Challenges

Syria and Iran: An Alliance Tested?

Jubin Goodarzi, a professor of international relations at Webster University in Geneva, presented his insights on the nature of the Syria-Iran alliance in light of recent changes in the Middle East and within the context of their long-standing relationship.

On May 9, the Middle East Program hosted a meeting on "Syria and Iran: An Alliance Tested?" with Goodarzi. Haleh Esfandiari, Director of the Middle East Program, moderated the event.

Governance on the Ground: Innovations and Discontinuities in the Developing World

Governance on the Ground shows people at a local level working through municipal institutions to take more responsibility for their own lives and environment. This study reports what social scientists in eight local networks found when they chose their own subjects for a worldwide comparative study of institutional reform at the local level. Governance on the Ground is the culminating product of the Global Urban Research Initiative, a major 1990s research effort that created a worldwide network of some 400 social scientists.

Democracy and the Internet: Allies or Adversaries?

Is the Internet intrinsically democratic, making every user a publisher and supporting new varieties of expression and association? Or is it a dangerous vehicle of propaganda, helping repressive governments to deceive their people and mobs to drive democratic governments to extremes?

Between the State and Islam

Until recently, the study of the Middle East has focused almost exclusively on Islam and on the regime, especially on its non-democratic aspects. It has done so at the expense of accounting fully for the forces of skepticism, liberty, and creativity that struggle against Islamic conformism and state hegemony.

Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind

Terrorists and terrorism have become a major force internationally. Hostage-taking and other acts of violence for political ends are common all over the globe. This groundbreaking study sheds new light on the phenomenon of terrorism.

This book examines and explains the nature and sources of terrorists’ beliefs, actions, goals, worldviews, and states of mind. Origins of Terrorism addresses, with scholarly responsibility as well as necessary urgency, one of the most vexing intellectual and political challenges of our time.

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