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Romania

Ceausescu and the Six-Day War: The View from Washington and London

British and American sources show the impact of Ceauşescu’s stance toward the Arab-Israeli war on his international image

Romania’s neutrality in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War distinguished it from other Eastern bloc states. Yet there is a common misperception that Bucharest’s anti-Soviet animus drove its positions during the Six-Day War.

Off the Record with Nixon and Ceausescu

Ceausescu's selective note taking shows limits of Romanian archives

In December 1973, Romania’s Nicolae Ceausescu sat down with Richard Nixon to review "new problems" and changes in the international system. The record of their meeting is compelling for reasons other than its content. 

Mediating the Vietnam War: Romania and the First Trinh Signal, 1965-1966

CWIHP Working Paper 81

Mediating the Vietnam War: Romania and the First Trinh Signal, 1965-1966

Larry L. Watts

July 2016

 

To read the full paper, please download it here.

How Can Societies Control Corruption? The European Experience

In recent years, the EU has made an unprecedented effort to transform its periphery by exporting values such as rule of law, democracy and good governance. The experience is discussed as part of the criticism to the global anticorruption approach in Alina Mungiu-Pippidi's book, A Quest for Good Governance: How Societies Develop Control of Corruption. Mungiu-Pippidi, who works as a governance expert for the European Union institutions has also been an active promoter of civil society work in her native Romania, the Balkans and Ukraine.

To Have and to Hold: Gender Regimes and Property Rights in Twentieth Century Romania

The meaning of citizenship has changed profoundly over the twentieth century, with women experiencing the most radical shifts in how their rights and duties have been defined and protected by the state.  Visiting Scholar Maria Bucur follows the changes that have affected women in Romania in the area of property rights.  Over a century of conflict and societal transformation, women have gradually gained more rights as citizens, but full equality with men has not been achieved.

The Shah's Petro-Diplomacy with Ceausescu: Iran and Romania in the era of Detente

In CWIHP Working Paper No. 74, authors Roham Alvandi and Eliza Gheorghe explore Iran's relations with Romania and the socialist bloc during the 1960s and 1970s. As the Persian Gulf became a Cold War battleground following the British withdrawal from the region, Iran's role as a major oil supplier took on increased significance. Using 16 newly declassified documents from the Romanian archives, the paper sheds new light on the external relations of Iran's Tudeh party, and the role of oil in Iranian diplomacy towards the Soviet Union and the socialist bloc.

Romania's Presidential Election 2014

Romania's groundbreaking November election- in which Klaus Werner Iohannis was elected President- marked a significant moment for the country's democracy and a victory for democracy worldwide.

Democracy Bridge Building: Arabs, Central and Eastern European Democrats

Professor Eliot Sorel summarizes the 2006 Ratiu Democracy Lecture, given by Professor Saad Eddin Ibrahim of American University in Cairo and entitled "Are There Democracy Lessons Arabs Can Learn from Eastern Europe?"

From Sarajevo, 1914 to Southeastern Europe, 2014: Wars, Transitions and Controversies

In Balkans into Southeastern Europe, 1914-2014, A Century of War and Transition  (Palgrave, 2014), John Lampe revises and expands his 2006 volume to reconsider the region's full century since the assassination in Sarajevo and the Great War that followed.  Drawing on recent scholarship and addressing recent controversies, he traces the saga of Southeastern Europe from the explosive mixture of Balkan states and imperial borderlands before the First World War, through the trials that their successors faced during two world wars, the Cold War, and finally the wars of Yugoslavia's disso

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