Southern Africa | Wilson Center

Southern Africa

Migration as the Demographic Wild Card in Civil Conflict: Mauritius and Fiji

Analyzing demographic trends on the small-island nations of Mauritius and Fiji, Christian Leuprecht argues that "the impact of migration on conflict is a man-made problem; the way migration is managed (or not) can determine its potential for mitigating or escalating a conflict."

Navigating Peace Initiative: Water Conflict and Cooperation

The Navigating Peace Initiative’s Water Conflict and Cooperation Working Group commissioned four policy briefs to identify the current and emerging trends in water conflict and cooperation.

Madagascar Naturellement: Birth Control Is My Environmental Priority

In my first four years as president, I have developed a far-reaching plan to free Madagascar from a cycle of poverty that harms the people and destroys the island’s rich biodiversity. My dream, which I call “Madagascar Naturellement,” is that we can build a strong economy, invest in our people, and maintain the nation’s precious natural treasures. Family planning lies at the heart of all of these efforts.

The Challenges of Groundwater in Southern Africa (No. 2)

It is impossible to understand the developmental constraints of Africa without grasping the significance of water resources, particularly groundwater. Southern Africa faces potentially severe groundwater shortages, which not only imperil the lives of those directly dependent on it, but also the continued development of the economic engines of the region—South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe—all of which face significant constraints on their future economic growth due to the insecurity of water supply.

Les defis de l'eau souterraine en Afrique australe (No. 2)

On ne peut pas comprendre les contraintes de développement de l’Afrique sans saisir le rôle important des ressources en eau, souterraine en particulier. L’Afrique australe est confrontée à des pénuries d’eau souterraine potentiellement graves, qui mettent en péril non seulement la vie de ceux qui en dépendent directement, mais aussi le développement continu des moteurs économiques de la région : Afrique du Sud, Botswana, Namibie et Zimbabwe.

Os desafios da agua subterranea na Africa austral (No. 2)

É impossível compreender as restrições de desenvolvimento de África sem ter uma noção do significado dos recursos hídricos, em especial a água subterrânea. A África Austral enfrenta potenciais graves faltas de água subterrânea, que não só colocam em perigo as vidas daqueles que dependem directamente dela, mas também o desenvolvimento continuado dos motores económicos da região—África do Sul, Botswana, Namíbia e Zimbabwe—todos eles enfrentam restrições significativas sobre o seu crescimento económico futuro devido à insegurança do fornecimento de água.

Parks for Peace or Peace for Parks? Issues in Practice and Policy

An upcoming ECSP publication—based on a conference held in September 2005 at the Wilson Center—will explore the rhetoric and reality of peace parks, including their goals and the factors that determine their success or failure. Drawing on future plans and successful projects in southern Africa, Kashmir, and South America, the authors debate whether peace parks can protect the environment and promote conflict resolution. ECSP Report presents excerpts from five of the conference papers as a preview of the publication forthcoming in 2006.

A Southern African Perspective on Transboundary Water Resource Management

Southern Africa is characterized by a large number of international river basins, inherent climatic variability, and a natural maldistribution of perennial rivers. The region also has a history of political instability, driven by liberation struggles against the former colonial powers and the Cold War. Southern Africa’s transboundary rivers and their associated ecosystems could become either drivers of peace and economic integration or sources of endemic conflict.

ECSP Report 9: Reviews (Part 1)

Experts review new publications (Part 1):

  • Transformation of Resource Conflicts: Approach and Instruments, edited by Günther Baechler, Kurt R. Spillmann, & Mohamed Suliman (2002). Reviewed by Jeremy Lind.
  • Hydropolitics in the Developing World: A Southern African Perspective, edited by Anthony Turton & Roland Henwood (2002). Reviewed by Bill Derman.
  • Globalization, Human Security and the African Experience, edited by Caroline Thomas & Peter Wilkin (1999). Reviewed by Larry Swatuk.

ECSP Report 7: Special Reports

The Linkages Between Population and Water: Forthcoming Articles from ECSP

In collaboration with the University of Michigan Population Fellows Program, ECSP commissioned in fall 2000 a series of articles to examine global and regional linkages between population and water. The interplay among these issues is at the heart of this project.Each of the three articles (summarized below) has been jointly written by a pair of authors, representing both a Northern and Southern perspective. Each article also draws on regional case-study material.