Southern Africa | Wilson Center

Southern Africa

Rwanda: 22 Years After Genocide

As Rwanda continues its recovery from the devastating genocide of 1994, H.E. Louise Mushikiwabo, the country's Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, visited the Wilson Center to discuss ongoing progress, challenges, and opportunities with Africa Program Director Dr. Monde Muyangwa.

Speakers (listed in order of appearance)
Dr. Monde Muyangwa, Africa Program Director, Wilson Center
H.E. Louise Mushikiwabo, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Republic of Rwanda

Jimmy Carter in Africa: Race and the Cold War

In the mid-1970s, the Cold War had frozen into a nuclear stalemate in Europe and retreated from the headlines in Asia. As Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter fought for the presidency in late 1976, the superpower struggle overseas seemed to take a backseat to more contentious domestic issues of race relations and rising unemployment. There was one continent, however, where the Cold War was on the point of flaring hot: Africa.

Assessing the Effectiveness of U.S. Sanctions

Whenever a nation acts in ways that threaten international norms and stability, it’s not long before someone is calling for sanctions in response. But are sanctions effective? Can they change the behavior of nations? And if so, what are the conditions necessary for them to do so? The Wilson Center’s Kennan Institute and the Henry M. Jackson Foundation recently hosted a conference that examined the impact, effectiveness, and consequences of U.S. sanctions past and present.

We Want What's Ours: Learning from South Africa's Land Restitution Process

We Want What's Ours: Learning from South Africa's Land Restitution Process

On June 30, 2014, President Zuma announced the re-opening of the land claims process. In the next round, South Africa must build on the successes and learn from the mistakes of the first round of restitution.

Plunder and The Perils of Mugabe’s Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is expiring, again. More banks are failing, beer sales – a key indicator – have slumped dramatically since 2013, tourist arrivals are down, and the business confidence index is at lowest ebb since the wildly inflationary days of 2008. Most tellingly, President Robert Gabriel Mugabe in January told civil servants to be patient - he “hoped” that they would soon be paid their monthly wages on a regular basis (something which had not happened often in 2014).

Food Security & Population Dynamics in the Sahel

Africa’s Sahel region is one of the most harsh environments on the planet with one of the highest birth rates as well. Food security, particularly when combined with population dynamics and the impact of climate change, is a monumental challenge. The Wilson Center’s Roger-Mark De Souza just returned from Niger, where he met with experts from a variety of countries for the purpose of identifying what works and what doesn’t. We discuss what he learned in this edition of Wilson Center NOW.

An African Misstep in Looking to Mugabe?

On the eve of his 91st birthday, Robert Mugabe has been selected to head the African Union, the 54-nation organization designed to promote unity, economic cooperation, and social development across the world’s poorest continent.

Zimbabwe’s autocratic president is a dreadful role model. His party has been charged with intimidation, vote-rigging, or other forms of fraud in every election since it first won in 1980. He never intended to share power, as he indicated when I interviewed him the day after that vote.