Soviet Union | Wilson Center

Soviet Union

Sino-Soviet Nuclear Relations: An Alliance of Convenience?

China backed Soviet disarmament proposals in exchange for technical assistance in nuclear weapons development. When Soviet aid stopped, so did China’s support.

Brezhnev's Secret Six-Day War Speech

Behind closed doors, General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev gave an account of the causes and effects of the Six-Day War between Israel and Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.

Propaganda and Protest during the Six-Day War

Israel’s 1967 war of words with the Soviet Union

During and after the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel waged a propaganda battle against the Soviet Union. Its intensive efforts against Moscow, which can now be reconstructed using files from the Israeli Ministry for Foreign Affairs and stenograms of Israeli government meetings, underscore the diplomatic consequences of the Six-Day War and the break in Soviet-Israeli relations.

Did the Soviet Union Deliberately Instigate the 1967 War in the Middle East?

Egyptian sources suggest Moscow was taken aback by the 1967 Arab-Israeli War

The origins of the 1967 Six-Day War have long been a source of controversy among historians. Discerning the motives of regional and international actors through the thick fog of war and the preceding crisis is a challenging task.

At the End of the Sixth Day

Dayan prepared for the Soviet army; Nasser prepared for an Israeli takeover of the Suez Canal

The 1967 Arab-Israeli war, often called the “Six-Day War,” has long been considered a decisive military victory for the small Jewish state over the coalition of four Arab countries that had threatened to destroy it.

Ceausescu and the Six-Day War: The View from Washington and London

British and American sources show the impact of Ceauşescu’s stance toward the Arab-Israeli war on his international image

Romania’s neutrality in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War distinguished it from other Eastern bloc states. Yet there is a common misperception that Bucharest’s anti-Soviet animus drove its positions during the Six-Day War.

On this Day in 1972: Nixon Visits Moscow

On May 22, 1972, President Richard Nixon arrived in Moscow for a summit with Soviet leaders. During a week of meetings with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev and other Soviet officials, the United States and the USSR reached a number of agreements, including one that laid the groundwork for a joint space flight in 1975. On May 26, Nixon and Brezhnev signed the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT), the most significant of the agreements reached during the summit.

Trump, Lavrov, and the Long History of Things that Never Happened

Reflections on memcons, memoirs, and the nature of documentary evidence

In an unusual move that highlights the depth of Russia’s involvement in US politics, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced his readiness to provide Congress with a transcript of Foreign Minister’s Sergei Lavrov’s May 10 conversation with President Donald Trump.

The Politics of Culture in Soviet Azerbaijan

The early Soviet Union’s nationalities policy involved the formation of many national republics, within which "nation building" and "modernization" were undertaken for the benefit of "backward" peoples. This book, in considering how such policies were implemented in Azerbaijan, argues that the Soviet policies were in fact a form of imperialism, with "nation building" and "modernization" imposed firmly along Soviet lines.

Book Talk: The House of the Dead: Siberian Exile Under the Tsars

In his new book, The House of the Dead: Siberian Exile Under the Tsars, Daniel Beer discusses how the tsarist regime attempted to use the open prison of Siberia