Sudan | Wilson Center

Sudan

Examining Environmental Links to Peace and Conflict in Sudan: The UN Environment Programme's Sudan Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment

Efforts to end the ongoing violence in Darfur and build on the 2005 peace agreement between Northern and Southern Sudan must consider how environmental problems such as deforestation, drought, and desertification affect the balance between peace and conflict.

Solving the Darfur Crises: EU and International Responses

The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars is pleased to invite you to a Director's Forum with Pekka Haavisto, Special Representative of the European Union for Sudan. Ambassador Haavisto will be discussing the international and European responses to the interrelated crises facing the region.

Islam, Gender, and Reproductive Health: Part 3 of 6

At the third meeting in the Islam, Gender, and Reproductive Health series, which is sponsored by The Middle East Program and Environmental Change and Security Project and supported by USAID's Office of Population and Reproductive Health and the Interagency Gender Working Group, Ellen Gruenbaum of California State University, Fresno, and Marcia C.

The Sudanese War and the Nuba People

Following a video presentation cataloguing the extent to which the Nuba people of Sudan have been marginalized and treated inhumanely by the Khartoum government, Suleiman Musa Rahhal, Director of Nuba Survival, argued that the fighting in Sudan, contrary to popular belief, is not due solely to religious differences.

From Conflict to Peacebuilding: UNEP's Role in Environmental Assessment and Recovery

"If people cannot find clean water for drinking, wood for shelter and energy, or land for crops, what are the chances that peace will be successful and durable? Very slim," says David Jensen of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), who describes UNEP's activities in Afghanistan, Sudan, and other areas of conflict. "UNEP seeks to ensure that countries rebuilding from conflict identify the sustainable use of natural resources as a fundamental prerequisite and guiding principle of their reconstruction and recovery."

Navigating Peace Initiative: Water Conflict and Cooperation

The Navigating Peace Initiative’s Water Conflict and Cooperation Working Group commissioned four policy briefs to identify the current and emerging trends in water conflict and cooperation.

Conflict and Cooperation: Making the Case for Environmental Pathways to Peacebuilding in the Great Lakes Region

Authoritarian regimes, genocides, and civil wars have plagued countries in the Great Lakes Region in recent years. The region’s nations rely heavily on natural resources—water, minerals, land—for their economic development, as well as for the livelihoods of their people, and many of the region’s conflicts are connected to these resources or other environmental factors.

Global Drug Trafficking: Africa's Expanding Role

Africa's role in the drug trafficking industry is a strong testament to the interplay of supply and demand market expansion, to the hybridization of transnational organized crime syndicates, as well as to the need for a paradigm shift in domestic, regional and international approaches to drug trafficking interdiction. On May 28, 2009, the Africa Program of the Woodrow Wilson Center convened a conference to assess the situation of international drug trafficking and the increasingly important role that Africa plays.

AIDS Orphans in Africa: Building an Urban Response

Published in Johannesburg, South Africa in February, 2001

Contents:
-Forward by Steven Friedman
-"The Urban Impact", Mary Crewe and Karen Michael
-"The Role and Capacity of Local Government", Maria Elena Ducci and Sibongiseni Dhlomo
-"The Role of National Government in Supporting Local Government", Gugu Molloi and Samson James Opolot
-"The Way Forward", Cathy Mbeki, Rebecca Black and Shan Naidu
-Wrap-up, Earl Kessler
-Closing Remarks, Gilbert Khadiagala

Two Views on the Crisis in Sudan

Sudan faces multiple crises.  The CPA, which ended the southern conflict, has not been fully implemented.   International support has been patchy.   Demarcation of the North/South border has again been postponed. Preparations for the southern and Abyei referenda, due to be held in January, are well behind schedule, as are the popular consultations in Blue Nile and South Kordofan, where state elections have been put off until November.  Inter-tribal conflict troubles the South.

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