Western Balkans | Wilson Center

Western Balkans

From Alignment to Non-Alignment: Yugoslavia Discovers the Third World

Yugoslavia set the pace of political developments inside the Non-Aligned Movement and around the Third World during the Cold War era. And unlike other non-aligned countries during this period, Yugoslavia’s non-alignment was neither a product of anti-colonial revolution nor of post-colonial defiance to former masters.

The Western Balkans: A Delicate Balance

The collapse of Yugoslavia twenty-six years ago unleashed brutal wars and a humanitarian catastrophe. Today, the delicate order in the Balkans is threatened yet again. Serbia aspires to join the European Union, yet also seeks to strengthen its ties with Russia, despite the current strains on the relationship between Moscow and the West. Relations between Kosovo and Serbia are tense.

Marshal Tito, Chairman Mao, and the Struggle inside the Third World during the 1950s and 1960s

The world’s two outstanding communist mavericks, China and Yugoslavia, competed for influence in the Third World in the 1950s and 1960s and worked to shape the political identity of the Global South during the Cold War.

Long forgotten, this important competition is now coming into clearer light due to new revelations from archives in Serbia, China, India, Myanmar, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

20 Years after Dayton: International Engagement and Power Sharing in Post-War Bosnia and Herzegovina

As we approach the 20th anniversary of the Dayton-Paris Peace Agreement, Bosnia and Herzegovina finds itself at a crossroads. The country is engaged in the process of European integration, yet is still a largely inefficient and highly fragmented state. This situation poses a challenge for reform-oriented domestic actors, the international community in general, and the European Union in particular.

Victim’s Justice in the Aftermath of Genocide: Lessons from Efforts in the Balkans

With the rise of transitional justice globally, the role of reparations in war has changed.  "Victor's justice" in the form of punishment through reparations as fines between states has expanded to include redress for individual human rights violated. "Victim's justice" includes reparations for such rights violations and is now a global phenomenon. This talk focuses on the global significance of reparations efforts in Balkan states in the aftermath of the 1990's genocide in Yugoslavia. Who can pursue reparations, in what venues, for what types of reparations, at what cost?

Bosnia: A new opportunity for getting closer to the EU?

Swiss Scholar Adis Merdzanovic’s opinion piece “Bosnia: A new opportunity for getting closer to the EU?” was recently published by EU Observer. Merdzanovic discusses Bosnia and Herzegovina’s political stagnation since the end of the war and the challenging power sharing arrangement between the major ethnic groups. In the past two years, however, the public has begun to fight back against the political system, holding protests that have attracted the attention of the international community.

From Sarajevo, 1914 to Southeastern Europe, 2014: Wars, Transitions and Controversies

In Balkans into Southeastern Europe, 1914-2014, A Century of War and Transition  (Palgrave, 2014), John Lampe revises and expands his 2006 volume to reconsider the region's full century since the assassination in Sarajevo and the Great War that followed.  Drawing on recent scholarship and addressing recent controversies, he traces the saga of Southeastern Europe from the explosive mixture of Balkan states and imperial borderlands before the First World War, through the trials that their successors faced during two world wars, the Cold War, and finally the wars of Yugoslavia's disso

Having Faith in Diplomacy in the 21st Century: Distinguishing Between Noises and Signals

Dr. Mustafa Cerić, Grand Mufti Emeritus of Bosnia and Herzegovina, will address current global geopolitical challenges, notably schisms in the Middle East and its consequences for the European security project and integration of the Western Balkans into European Union and NATO.   

 

Symbolic Nation-Building in Croatia from the Homeland War to EU Membership

Drawing on a recently published larger volume - Strategies of Symbolic Nation-Building in Southeast EuropeVjeran Pavlakovic will analyze the nation and state building strategies of the Croatian elite since the country attained independence, following the Homeland War, 1991-1995. In his presentation, Pavlakovic will focus on the role of contested narratives and commemorative practices related to the wars of the 20th century in the political arena.

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