Nuclear History

Nuclear History Resources at the Library of Congress

The Library of Congress might not be the first place scholars think to visit when researching nuclear history. The National Archives and Records Administration in College Park, the Foreign Relations of the United States series, various US presidential libraries, and international archives (UK, IAEA, etc) may come to mind first. However, the Library of Congress should not be discounted. There are a number of resources regarding nuclear history available to researchers at the Library of Congress, including:

Rethinking Peace in Japan

Peace studies isn’t a phrase that gets bandied about much in U.S. media, especially when it comes to remembering the past. For Americans, remembrance of the Second World War in particular is an opportunity to hail the bravery of the greatest generation, and to celebrate the leadership of the United States in bringing about peace and stability in the aftermath of global conflict. 

Atomizing Iran: Eisenhower and the Bomb

“The gravity of the time is such that every new avenue of peace, no matter how dimly discernible, should be explored.”

—Dwight D. Eisenhower, Address to the UN General Assembly, December 8, 1953

 

A Deep Dive on Nuclear History in the Hills of Italy

This past June, 16 students gathered in the hills of northern Italy for a ten-day deep immersion on perhaps the most monumental scientific innovation of the last 100 years: nuclear technology. Now in its 8th year, the Nuclear History Boot Camp is an initiative of the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project (NPIHP) in conjunction with the University of Roma Tre and the Machiavelli Center for Cold War Studies, and is funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York.

Book Talk: Chernobyl: The History of a Nuclear Catastrophe

On the morning of April 26, 1986, the world witnessed the worst nuclear disaster in history: the explosion of a reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Soviet Ukraine. Dozens died of radiation poisoning, fallout contaminated half the continent, and thousands fell ill.

India’s Nuclear Policy: China, Pakistan, and Two Distinct Nuclear Trajectories

In May 1998, India and Pakistan conducted the twentieth century’s last nuclear tests.

Italy and Nuclear Power: A day of study dedicated to the presentation of sources and archives on the history of Italian nuclear power

9:30 Introduction, Nicola Antonetti

10:00 - The Historical Archive of ENEA - Chair, Leopoldo Nuti

- Historical-technological sources and contemporary history: Reflections on the recovery of the ENEA Historical Archive, Giovanni Paoloni (Universita La Sapienza, Roma and Comite d'histoire de l'electricite et de l'energie, Fondation EDF, Parigi)

- The technical-scientific activities of the Italian nuclear program as founding principles of ENEA's documentary heritage, Fabrizio Pisacane (ENEA)

West Germany's Secret Nuclear Assistance to Iran

West Germany was willing to secretly export sensitive nuclear technology 

The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and the German Nuclear Question Part 1, 1954-1964

This posting is part of a series of document collections co-published by the National Security Archive and the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project to mark the 50th anniversary of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

The Long History of Brazil’s Nuclear Submarine Program

After languishing for many years, has the Brazilian Navy's nuclear program finally turned a corner?

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