The Woodrow Wilson Center Press
How can environmental cooperation be used to bolster regional peace? A large body of research suggests that environmental degradation may catalyze violent conflict. Environmental cooperation, in contrast, has gone almost unexplored as a means of peacemaking, even though it opens several effective channels: enhancing trust, establishing habits of cooperation, lengthening the time horizons of decisionmakers, forging cooperative trans-societal linkages, and creating shared regional norms and identities.
This volume examines the case for environmental peacemaking by comparing progress, prospects, and problems related to environmental peacemaking initiatives in six regions--South Asia, Central Asia, the Baltic, Southern Africa, the Caucasus, and the U.S.-Mexico border. The regions vary dramatically in terms of scale, interdependencies, history, and kinds of insecurity. But each is marked by a highly fluid, changing security order, creating a potential for environmental cooperation to have a catalytic effect on peacemaking.
Among the volume's key findings are these: that substantial potential for environmental peacemaking exists in most regions; that significant tensions from narrower efforts to improve the strategic climate among mistrustful governments can impair broader trans-societal efforts to build environmental peace; and that the effects of environmental peacemaking initiatives are highly sensitive to the ways they are institutionalized.
Contributors include: Doug W. Blum, Providence College; Ken Conca, University of Maryland; Geoffrey D. Dabelko, Woodrow Wilson Center; Pamela M. Doughman, University of Maryland; Ashok Swain, Uppsala University; Larry A. Swatuk, University of Botswana; Erika Weinthal, Tel Aviv University; Stacy D. VanDeveer, University of New Hampshire.
What People are Saying
"There is clearly a need for a book on this topic. The time has come to assess the consequences of environmental institutions and the opportunities they provide for cooperation and initiative."--Raimo Väyrynen, Professor of Government and International Studies, University of Notre Dame
Chapter 1 The Case for Environmental Peacemaking, Ken Conca Chapter 2 Environmental Cooperation and Regional Peace: Baltic Programs and Prospects, Stacy D. VanDeveer Chapter 3 Environmental Cooperation in South Asia, Ashok Swain Chapter 4 The Promises and Pitfalls of Environmental Peacemaking in the Aral Sea Basin Chapter 5 Environmental Cooperation for Regional Peace and Security in Southern Africa Chapter 6 Beyond Reciprocity: Governance and Cooperation in the Caspian Sea Chapter 7 Water Cooperation in the U.S.-Mexico Border Region Chapter 8 Conclusion: The Problems and Possibilities of Environmental Peacemaking, Ken Conca and Geoffrey D. Dabelko