Transforming the Cold War: The United States and China, 1969-1980

September 25, 2006 // 8:30am5:00pm

Monday, September 25, 2006

1:00-1:40 Registration

1:40-1:45 Welcome and Introductory Remarks: Dr. Marc J. Susser, The Historian, U.S. Department of State

1:45-2:30 Scheduled Keynote Speaker: Dr. Philip D. Zelikow, Counselor of the U.S. Department of State

2:30-4:30 Scheduled Panel of Former Diplomats and Government Officials:
-Ambassador Winston S. Lord, Member of the National Security Council Staff, 1969-1973; Special Assistant to Henry Kissinger, 1970-1973; Director of the -Policy Planning Staff, Department of State, 1973-1977
-Professor W. Richard Smyser, Operations Staff, National Security Council, 1970-1971 and 1973-1975; Deputy Assistant Secretary and Assistant Secretary for Refugee Programs, Department of State, 1980-1981
-Lt. General Brent Scowcroft, U.S. Air Force (ret.), Deputy National Security Advisor, 1973-1975; National Security Advisor, 1975-1977
-Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski, National Security Advisor, 1977-1981
-Ambassador Charles W. (Chas.) Freeman, Jr., Office of Asian Communist Affairs, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State, 1971-1973; Director for Chinese Affairs, Department of State, 1979-1981
-Panelist Comments
-Question and Answer

Tuesday, September 26, 2006

8:30-9:15 Registration and Continental Breakfast

9:15-9:30 Welcome

9:30-10:00 Scheduled Keynote speaker, -Christopher R. Hill, Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs

10:00-10:15 Break

10:15-12:00 Session 1: Roundtable – Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969-1976, volume XVII, China, 1969-1972 and Scholarly Interpretations of Establishing Relations With China, 1969-1980
-Professor Steven Phillips, Department of History, Towson University (Chair)
-Professor Chen Jian, Department of History, Cornell University
-Professor Warren I. Cohen, Department of History, University of Maryland, Baltimore County
-James Mann, FPI Author-in-Residence, School for Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University

12:00-1:30 Lunch

1:30-3:00 Session 2
Chair: Dr. Chris Tudda, Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State
-Professor Adam Cathcart, Department of History, Hiram College
Musical Diplomacy in the Opening of China, 1971-1972
-Professor Lorenz Lüthi, Department of History, McGill University
Communication and Miscommunication in Sino-Soviet-American Relations, 1969
-Mircea Munteanu, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars/The George Washington University
The Romanian Efforts to Facilitate a Sino-American Rapprochement, 1969-1971

Comments: Professor Gregg Brazinsky, Department of History, The George Washington University

3:00-3:15 Break

3:15-5:00 Session 3

Chair: Dr. Ding Xinghao, President, Shanghai Association of American Studies and Shanghai Institute of American Studies
-Professor David Bachman, School of International Studies, University of Washington
Mobilizing for War: China's Limited Ability to Cope With the Soviet Threat, 1969-1972
-Dr. Bernd Schaefer, German Historical Institute
Between Historical Determinism and Anxiety: The Soviet Union and Sino-American Rapprochement, 1969-1973
-Professor Dong Wang, Department of History and Political Science, York College of Pennsylvania
From Zhenbao Island to Beijing: The 1969 Sino-Soviet Border Conflict and U.S.-China Relations
-Professor Qiang Zhai, Department of History, Auburn University Montgomery Comments: Professor Thomas Schwartz, Department of History, Vanderbilt University
The Sino-American Rapprochement and Chinese-Vietnamese Relations

Wednesday, September 27, 2006

9:00-10:15 Session 1
Chair: Professor Hope M. Harrison, History Department and Director of the Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies, The George Washington University
-Malgorzata Gnoinska, The George Washington University
U.S. Relations With the People's Republic of China, 1969-1974: The Polish Perspective
-William Burr, National Security Archive
Economic Problems in U.S.-China Rapprochement, 1972-1975
-Professor Chen Jian, Department of History, Cornell University
The Chinese Perspective on the U.S.-China Rapprochement
Comments: Patrick Tyler, Woodrow Wilson Center

10:15-10:30 Break

10:30-11:45 Session 2
Chair: Dr. Christian Ostermann, Woodrow Wilson Center
-Professor Patrick Vaughan, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland
Zbigniew Brzezinski and the Carter Approach to China: ‘The United States Has Made Up Its Mind.'
-Breck Walker, Department of History, Vanderbilt University
The False Shuffle—Cyrus Vance and the China Card

Comments: Professor David Shambaugh, Department of Political Science and Director, China Program, The George Washington University

12:00-1:00 Lunch

1:00-2:15 Session 3
Chair: Professor Gregg Brazinsky, Department of History, The George Washington University
-Brian Hilton, Department of History, Texas A&M University
Maximum Flexibility for Peaceful Change': Jimmy Carter, Taiwan and the Recognition of the People's Republic of China
-Professor Itai Sneh, Department of History, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York
The Carter Administration and China: The Culmination of Self-Determination as a Human Right

Comments: Dr. Richard C. Bush, Director, Center for Northeast Asian Policy Studies, The Brookings Institution

2:15-2:30 Break

2:30-4:00 Session 4
Chair: Professor Edward McCord, Department of History, The George Washington University
-Todd Rosa, Department of History, The George Washington University
The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan and its Effect on Carter's Policy Toward China
-Professor Scott Kaufman, Francis Marion University
The Vietnamese Lesson': The Carter Administration and the Chinese Attack on Vietnam
-Enrico Maria Fardella, Department of Political Sciences, University of Florence
The Chinese ‘Punitive Invasion' of Vietnam as the ‘Baptism of Fire' of a New Strategic Partnership With Washington and its Repercussions on the end of the Cold War

Comments: Professor James G. Hershberg, Department of History, The George Washington University

4:00-5:00 Session 5, Wrap-Up Session: New Evidence on the International History of the Normalization of U.S.-China Relations
-Professor William Kirby, Department of History, Harvard University
-Professor Robert S. Ross, Fairbank Center for East Asian Research, Harvard University and Department of Political Science, Boston College

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Experts & Staff

  • Christian F. Ostermann // Director, History and Public Policy Program; Global Europe; Cold War International History Project; North Korea Documentation Project; Nuclear Proliferation International History Project
  • Laura Deal // Catalog Specialist
  • Pieter Biersteker // Editorial Assistant
  • Charles Kraus // Program Associate
  • Evan Pikulski // Program Assistant
  • James Person // Deputy Director, History and Public Policy Program; Cold War International History Project; North Korea Documentation Project; Nuclear Proliferation International History Project