I Didn't Know That
Providing answers to the most common, least understood, or least well-known issues between Canada and the United States, this series provides a concise summary, statistics, and facts relevant to the bilateral relationship.
Issues in this Series
The Detroit-Windsor area, home to the Ambassador Bridge and Detroit-Windsor Tunnel, is one of the most heavily used border crossings in the world. Congestion at the current Detroit-Windsor border crossings costs businesses as much as US$16 billion each year.
Shiprider, officially the Integrated Cross-Border Maritime Law Enforcement Operations (ICMLEO), allows the U.S. Coast Guard and Royal Canadian Mounted Police to jointly conduct cross-border surveillance and law enforcement. This joint U.S.-Canadian maritime security program closes loopholes that criminals once exploited in shared U.S.-Canada waterways.
Canada currently exports 99% of it's oil to the United States. Pipeline infrastructure is at capacity. This has resulted in various proposals to get Canadian oil to new markets.
Even with the world's longest peaceful border and advanced mapping capabilities, Canada and the United States disagree about where their Arctic border begins and ends, specifically in the Beaufort Sea.
Canada generates a majority of its electricity from hydropower and is a global leader in hydroelectricity production. As a result, Canada is positioned to provide a secure and renewable source of electricity in response to increasing domestic demand for clean energy in the United States.