"EU Enlargement and the Environment: Central and Eastern Europe & Beyond"

By
Sabina Crisen and JoAnn Carmin

European Union (EU) accession is no longer a question of “if” but “when” for the countries of Eastern and Central Europe. But accession has required these countries to adopt wholesale European regulations on a broad number of topics, including environmental standards and protection. Tremendous environmental progress has been made in many candidate countries since 1995. Yet, at best, one can express guarded optimism about the ultimate environmental consequences of enlargement. On March 14, 2002, a diverse group of international experts came together for a one-day conference to explore the potential effects EU enlargement might have on national and EU environmental quality and policies. This publication reflects the mix of optimism and pessimism held by the conference participants.

These proceedings take a broad look at how accession process-mandated institutional developments, regulatory policies, and social change are expected to affect environmental quality and security in the region, Western Europe, and beyond. They do this by examining cross-cutting activities and innovations in specific policy areas, discussing the current state of the environment and institutional issues associated with EU accession, and addressing the long-term implications of accession on various media (air, water, etc.), both within specific countries and across boundaries. The experts argue that, while enlargement does not guarantee sustainable development; the process will ultimately positively affect European environmental quality both in the short- and long-term. The conference also addresses the role of non-governmental organizations in shaping environmental policy and enlargement activities. It closes with a look at future challenges for the environment with respect to EU enlargement and state sovereignty issues.

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION (PDF 3.19 MB)
Geoffrey D. Dabelko, Director, Woodrow Wilson Center’s Environmental Change and Security Project, and lecturer, Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service

PART I. IMPLICATIONS OF EU EASTERN
ENLARGEMENT FOR THE ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY AND EU ENLARGEMENT: A STATE-CENTERED APPROACH (PDF 3.73 MB)
Petr Jehlicka,Visiting Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences, Open University, and UK Research Fellow, Institute of International Relations, Czech Republic, and Lecturer (Social Geography), Charles University’s Department of Social Geography and Regional Development; and Andrew Tickle

PART II. THE IMPACT OF EU ENLARGEMENT ON
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES, PRACTICES AND INSTITUTIONS

CHALLENGES FOR GOVERNANCE IN A PAN-EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENT: TRANSBORDER COOPERATION AND INSTITUTIONAL COORDINATION (PDF 2.67 MB)
Alexander Carius, Co-founder and Managing Director, Adelphi Research, Berlin, Germany

EU ENLARGEMENT, INDUSTRIES AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY (PDF 1.39 MB)
Liliana Botcheva-Andonova, Post-doctoral Fellow, Columbia Earth Institute, and Adjunct Professor, Department of Political Science, Columbia University

NUCLEAR POWER AND EU ENLARGEMENT: THE CASE OF TEMELIN (PDF 3.32 MB)
Regina S. Axelrod, Professor and Chair, Department of Political Science, Adelphi University, New York

PART III. EU ENLARGEMENT: IS IT SUSTAINABLE?

KEYNOTE ADDRESS (PDF 2.88 MB)
Tom Garvey, Member, Boards of the Regional Environmental Centres in Moscow, Budapest and Chisinau, and Former Deputy Director General, Environment and Nuclear Safety Department, European Commission

PART IV. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION,
NGOS AND EU ENLARGEMENT

PUSHING ON THE DOOR: THE ROLE OF CENTRAL AND EAST EUROPEAN NGOs IN ENLARGING THE EU (PDF 952 KB)
Andreas Beckmann, Coordinator, Accession Initiative, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Austria, and former Director, Development and Regional Coordinator, Environmental Partnership for Central Europe

SETTING AGENDAS AND SHAPING ACTIVISM:
EU INFLUENCE ON CENTRAL EUROPEAN ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENTS
(PDF 736 KB)
Barbara Hicks, Professor, Department of Political Science, New College of the University of South Florida

EU MEMBERSHIP: BOON OR BANE FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL COMMUNITY IN THE ACCESSION COUNTRIES? (PDF 775 KB)
Ruth Greenspan Bell, Resource for the Future’s Program for International Institutional Development and Environmental Assistance (IIDEA)

PART V. EU EASTERN ENLARGEMENT:
FUTURE CHALLENGES FOR THE ENVIRONMENT

ENLARGEMENT AND THE ENVIRONMENT: FUTURE CHALLENGES (PDF 47.7 KB)
John M. Kramer, Distinguished Professor and Chairperson, Department of Political Science, Mary Washington College, Fredericksburg, Virginia

THE IMPACT OF ENLARGEMENT ON EU ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY: AN HISTORICAL-INSTITUTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE (PDF 39.9 KB)
Ingmar von Homeyer, Senior Fellow, Ecologic, Institute for International & European Environmental Policy, Berlin

“EUROPEANIZING” CENTRAL EUROPE: CAPACITY, SURPRISES, LESSONS, and CHALLENGES (PDF 42.4 KB)
Stacy D. VanDeveer, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of New Hampshire

APPENDICES

A. Speaker Biographies (PDF 21.1 KB)

B. Conference Agenda (PDF 13.4 KB)

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