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Cambio Climatico y Seguridad Alimentaria en America Central

Date & Time

Jun. 19, 2014
8:30am – 5:00pm

Location

El Salvador
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Cambio Climatico y Seguridad Alimentaria en America Central

Central American countries face some of the greatest vulnerability to climate change in the world, including impacts on agriculture in the region due to changes in rainfall and increased intensity and severity of extreme weather events. Food security in a region where the agricultural sector is largely composed of small holders is already tenuous, with climate change and variability increasing the challenges faced by national governments, regional organizations, and the farmers themselves. On June 19, 2014, the Latin American Program of the Woodrow Wilson Center, in coordination with USAID/El Salvador and Comisión Centroamericana de Ambiente y Desarrollo (CCAD), brought together a group of experts and practitioners to discuss these issues. As part of the seminar, “Cambio Climático y Seguridad Alimentaria en América Central: Casos de Estudio de Adaptación” (Climate Change and Food Security in Central America: Case Studies in Adaptation), representatives from NGOs and government ministries in eight different countries gathered in San Salvador, El Salvador to discuss climate change adaptation and food security in Central America, including the role of women and related population dynamics challenges. The event featured presentations by the relevant secretariats of  Sistema de Integración Centroamericana (SICA): Manuel Jiménez Umaña, of Consejo Agropecuario Centroamericano (CAC); Víctor Ramírez, of Centro de Coordinación para la Prevención de los Desastres Naturales (CEPREDENAC); Patricia Ramírez, of  Comité Regional de Recursos Hidráulicos (CRRH); and Christa Castro Varela, of Comisión Centroamericana de Ambiente y Desarrollo (CCAD). Sandeep Bathala of the Wilson Center presented on women’s roles in climate change adaptation and food security, including the linkages between populations dynamics, reproductive health, and responses to climate change and food security vulnerabilities. Nancy McCarthy of Lead Analytics, who has also worked with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and on the Fifth IPCC Assessment Report, discussed Climate-Smart Agriculture and the importance of conservation agriculture and other sustainable practices to ensuring food security, as well as the challenges to implementing these practices. Jaime López Martínez and José Luis Arellano Monterroasas, of the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias and Comisión Nacional del Agua in Mexico (respectively), offered in-depth presentations of their collaborative work on the watersheds (cuencas) of rivers in the Sierra Madre mountain range in Chiapas, Mexico. To read full summary, see below. 

Hosted By

Latin American Program

The Wilson Center’s prestigious Latin American Program provides non-partisan expertise to a broad community of decision makers in the United States and Latin America on critical policy issues facing the Hemisphere. The Program provides insightful and actionable research for policymakers, private sector leaders, journalists, and public intellectuals in the United States and Latin America. To bridge the gap between scholarship and policy action, it fosters new inquiry, sponsors high-level public and private meetings among multiple stakeholders, and explores policy options to improve outcomes for citizens throughout the Americas. Drawing on the Wilson Center’s strength as the nation’s key non-partisan forum, the Program serves as a trusted source of analysis and a vital point of contact between the worlds of scholarship and action.  Read more

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