Anna Borshchevskaya: is a senior fellow at the Washington Institute, focusing on Russia’s policy toward the Middle East. She is a contributor to Oxford Analytica and a fellow at the European Foundation for Democracy. She was previously with the Atlantic Council and the Peterson Institute for International Economics. A former analyst for a U.S. military contractor in Afghanistan, she has also served as communications director at the American Islamic Congress. She publishes widely in venues such as Foreign Affairs, The Hill, The New Criterion, and the Middle East Quarterly. She is the author of the forthcoming Putin’s War in Syria: Russian Foreign Policy and the Price of America’s Absence (I.B. Tauris, November 2021). Until recently, she conducted translation and analysis for the U.S. Army’s Foreign Military Studies Office and its flagship publication, Operational Environment Watch. She is the author of the February 2016 Institute monograph, Russia in the Middle East. She holds a doctorate from George Mason University.