Project Summary

development of the legislative framework of the electoral system development of national and regional political parties as expressed in the election campaigns and thei rresults patterns of electoral success in Duma and gubernatorial elections patterns of incumbency success and electoral turnover fairness and openness of the elections at various levels citizen participation as expressed in the elections at national and regional levels Central Election Committee and its influence on legislation, training and supervision of local officials to achieve honesty n the elections and the nature of its voter-education programs