Guillermo Perry is a professor at Universidad de Los Andes, Colombia, a Non-Resident Fellow at the Center for Global Development, Washington D.C, an advisor to the President of CAF Development Bank of Latin America, and serves on several Boards, including the Global Development Network, the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars (Latin American Advisory Board), FEDESARROLLO and Banco de Bogotá. He served as Chief Economist for Latin America and the Caribbean at the World Bank from  1996 to 2007 and held various positions in his home country, Colombia, including: Minister of Finance and Public Credit (1994 - 1996); Minister of Mines, and Energy (1986 - 1988); Member of the Constitutional Assembly (1991); Director of FEDESARROLLO (1988 - 1989) and the Center for Economic Development Studies (CEDE), (1972 – 1974).

Dr. Perry has been a visiting professor at the Kennedy School at Harvard University (2010-2011) and Oxford University (1979-1980). He is also the author or coauthor of more than twenty books and many articles on diverse development issues: growth, inequality, public finance, natural resources and trade. He completed doctoral studies in economics and operational research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1970-1973).