On June 2, 2005, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the Center for Strategic and International Studies hosted a conference entitled,“Uganda:An African ‘Success’ Past its Prime?” Before a full auditorium, Dr. Joel Barkan and Ambassador Johnnie Carson discussed recent political developments in Uganda, and the implications of these developments for long-term Ugandan democratization and stability. The discussion was unusually frank. Barkan and Carson, two of America’s leading East Africa experts, expressed their concerns about current political trends in Uganda, referring particularly to evidence of increasing authoritarianism, rapidly-mounting corruption, and the apparent attempt of President Museveni to set the stage for a constitutional change that would enable him to seek a third term of office.