This Special Report explores the complex set of opportunities and challenges inherent in Taiwan’s energy profile. Ssu-li Chang describes the profile, and also considers the possible impact of changed pricing mechanisms and increased reliance on nuclear energy. Herng-Shinn Hwang, outlines the promise of alternative “green” energies. Chi-yuan Liang surveys Taiwan’s energy security, comparing Taiwan’s performance in energy usage with major nations around the world. And Hongyi Lai examines the possibility of energy cooperation and the potential consequences on the island’s energy supply of conflict between Taiwan and mainland China.