A Comparative Study: The Approach to Critical Infrastructure Protection in the U.S., E.U., and China
November is the “Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience Month” in the U.S., as designated by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). It is an appropriate time to reflect on the importance of Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP), as well as the legislative and administrative efforts being undertaken in the U.S., E.U. and China to establish robust CIP frameworks and enforcement policies. There is a broad-scale recognition among policy makers across the globe that collaborative efforts between public and private sectors are required to develop and enforce effective CIP measures, especially as the rapid pace of technological innovation and adoption drives digital transformation and, at the same time, increases cyber threats.
To better understand global policy approaches toward CIP, this paper will review the efforts of the U.S., E.U., and China to address critical infrastructure protection in their domains. The paper will then offer a set of proposed principles and global best practices that may aid policy makers and industry stakeholders as they consider how best to move forward in addressing CIP-related opportunities and challenges.
This policy brief outlines the following approaches, including core definitions:
- The U.S. Approach to CIP and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework
- The European Union’s Approach and the Network and Information Security (NIS) Directive
- China’s Approach: Draft Critical Information Infrastructure Regulation and Standards
About the Authors
Jing de Jong-Chen
Board Advisor, Science and Technology Innovation Program, Wilson Center Former Partner and General Manager, Global Security Strategy and Diplomacy Group in the Corporate, External and Legal Affairs Division at Microsoft Corp
Digital Futures Project
Less and less of life, war and business takes place offline. More and more, policy is transacted in a space poorly understood by traditional legal and political authorities. The Digital Futures Project is a map to constraints and opportunities generated by the innovations around the corner - a resource for policymakers navigating a world they didn’t build. Read more
Science and Technology Innovation Program
The Science and Technology Innovation Program (STIP) brings foresight to the frontier. Our experts explore emerging technologies through vital conversations, making science policy accessible to everyone. Read more