According to some experts, protecting natural resources and stabilizing population growth must be part of long-term solutions to today's violent conflicts. Others say the evidence does not support this strategy. But all agree that more research will lead to a more nuanced understanding of the links connecting environment, population, and security. Bringing together a diverse group of authors – from Nepal to Norway, from the university to the military – the 11th edition of the Environmental Change and Security Program Report explores how powerful underlying forces may engender war – or lay a foundation for peace. Complete report.