On September 19, 2001,The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars gathered a spectrum of experts—including personnel from the military to civilian agencies of the United States Government, to the United Nations, to think tanks and research institutions to non-governmental organizations—for a symposium entitled,“The U.S. Role In The World: Enhancing The Capacity To Respond To Complex Contingency Operations.” Co-sponsored by the Wilson Center’s Conflict Prevention and Africa Projects in the Division of International Studies and the East European Studies, and Asia Program of the Woodrow Wilson Center, the conference was partially funded through federal conference funds and the Ford Foundation as a component of the Wilson Center’s U.S. Role in the World series.