North Korea Warned Foreigners During Past Crisis
WASHINGTON - North Korea’s recent warnings to diplomats and foreigners living in Pyongyang that their safety cannot be guaranteed because of the tense situation on the Korean Peninsula are not unprecedented. Documents obtained and translated by the North Korea International Documentation Project (NKIDP) reveal that North Korea has issued similar warnings during past crises in Korea.
During the 1968 crisis over North Korea’s seizure of the USS Pueblo, the North persistently advised diplomats from socialist countries to take precautionary measures against American air raids. According to reports produced by the Romanian mission in Pyongyang, embassies in the North Korean capital were instructed to build anti-air bunkers “to protect foreigners against air attacks.”
Information provided by North Korea’s former allies also indicate that the DPRK may not have been simply posturing during the 1968 crisis. Fearing retaliation for seizing the USS Pueblo, the Romanian Ambassador wrote that:
The archives of central institutions, a significant part of the State Library and of the Academy, more than half of the machinery used in the Typographic Complex and probably in many other factories have been moved out of Pyongyang.
For further information, see the following documents in the Wilson Center Digital Archive:
Additional documents providing a historical perspective on North Korea’s brinkmanship are available in the collection North Korean Military Adventurism.
North Korea International Documentation Project
The North Korea International Documentation Project serves as an informational clearinghouse on North Korea for the scholarly and policymaking communities, disseminating documents on the DPRK from its former communist allies that provide valuable insight into the actions and nature of the North Korean state. It is part of the Wilson Center's History and Public Policy Program. Read more
Hyundai Motor-Korea Foundation Center for Korean History and Public Policy
The Center for Korean History and Public Policy was established in 2015 with the generous support of the Hyundai Motor Company and the Korea Foundation to provide a coherent, long-term platform for improving historical understanding of Korea and informing the public policy debate on the Korean peninsula in the United States and beyond. Read more