Samia Waheed Altaf, a physician and public health specialist, was formerly the senior advisor to the Office of Health in the USAID Mission in Islamabad, Pakistan. Her career has focused on the management and coordination of complex health delivery systems for low-income populations. Dr. Altaf has also been on the faculty at Pakistan’s Aga Khan University Medical College; served as a primary health care program officer for UNICEF; and consulted for international aid agencies. She was the Wilson Center’s 2007-08 Pakistan Scholar.