A transformation is taking place in the Khata areas of rural Nepal: People dependent on forests are learning new ways to protect the source of their livelihoods. Farmers are now the front-line stewards of the environment—and enthusiastic advocates for integrating population-health-environment (PHE) programs into their community activities. Co-authors Leona D'Agnes, Judy Oglethorpe, Sabita Thapa, Dhan Rai, and Tara Prasad Gnyawali describe a World Wildlife Fund program that combines family planning and community-based forestry within Nepal's Terai region.