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To examine the role of the international community in shaping Latin America’s environmental agenda, the Wilson Center’s Latin American Program, Brazil Institute, the Environmental Change and Security Program, China Environment Forum, and Global Europe Program launched a collaborative research project in 2020, Latin America’s Environmental Policies in Global Perspective.

The latest paper in this series explores the European Union’s international agreements designed to help protect the Amazon environment and prevent deforestation. Author Anna Ayuso, a senior research fellow at the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs, evaluates the effectiveness of EU policy approaches ranging from the “Amsterdam Declaration Partnership” to “EUROCLIMA+.” She argues that most of the international agreements are voluntary; they lack teeth—“economic and technical resources”—that could make a real difference in the fight against climate change and deforestation. She concludes that environmental concerns will dominate EU trade relations with the Americas for the foreseeable future and that “the Amazon rain forest is becoming an irresolvable obstacle to ratifying the EU-MERCOSUR agreement.”

About the Author

Image - Anna Ayuso

Anna Ayuso

Senior Research Fellow for Latin America, Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB).
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Latin American Program

The Wilson Center’s prestigious Latin American Program provides non-partisan expertise to a broad community of decision makers in the United States and Latin America on critical policy issues facing the Hemisphere. The Program provides insightful and actionable research for policymakers, private sector leaders, journalists, and public intellectuals in the United States and Latin America. To bridge the gap between scholarship and policy action, it fosters new inquiry, sponsors high-level public and private meetings among multiple stakeholders, and explores policy options to improve outcomes for citizens throughout the Americas. Drawing on the Wilson Center’s strength as the nation’s key non-partisan forum, the Program serves as a trusted source of analysis and a vital point of contact between the worlds of scholarship and action.  Read more

Global Europe Program

The Global Europe Program addresses vital issues affecting the European continent, U.S.-European relations, and Europe’s ties with the rest of the world. We investigate European approaches to critical global issues: digital transformation, climate, migration, global governance. We also examine Europe’s relations with Russia and Eurasia, China and the Indo-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa. Our program activities cover a wide range of topics, from the role of NATO, the European Union and the OSCE to European energy security, trade disputes, challenges to democracy, and counter-terrorism. The Global Europe Program’s staff, scholars-in-residence, and Global Fellows participate in seminars, policy study groups, and international conferences to provide analytical recommendations to policy makers and the media.  Read more

Environmental Change and Security Program

The Environmental Change and Security Program (ECSP) explores the connections between environmental change, health, and population dynamics and their links to conflict, human insecurity, and foreign policy.  Read more

Brazil Institute

The Brazil Institute—the only country-specific policy institution focused on Brazil in Washington—works to foster understanding of Brazil’s complex reality and to support more consequential relations between Brazilian and U.S. institutions in all sectors.  Read more

China Environment Forum

Since 1997, the China Environment Forum's mission has been to forge U.S.-China cooperation on energy, environment, and sustainable development challenges. We play a unique nonpartisan role in creating multi-stakeholder dialogues around these issues.  Read more