From the onset of his campaign, President Bolsonaro asserted that he intended to cut the number of ministries in half, in an effort to de-bureaucratize Brazil and reduce government spending. The Temer government had 29 organs with ministerial status. Despite his initial promise to hold the number of ministries to 15, Bolsonaro named 22 ministers to his cabinet. Some ministries, like the Ministry of Labor, were eliminated altogether; others were merged, such as the Ministries of Sports, Culture, Social Development and the National Secretariat for Drug Policy—which will now fall under the new Ministry of Citizenship. 

See the full list of new ministries and background information on the ministers below.

1.  ECONOMY

Integrates the Ministry of Economy, Planning and Industry, and Foreign Trade, as well as some functions previously held by the Ministry of Labor. Formulates and executes economic policy and administers the public treasury and fiscal structure of the country. 

Paulo Guedes
Guedes is a liberal economist with a PhD from the University of Chicago. He is the founder of BTG Pactual and BR Investimentos, and the Millenium Institute. Guedes is a newcomer to government service.
 
2.  CHIEF OF STAFF OFFICE
Advises the President in government action and legislative proposals and ensures that the Executive acts in accordance with the Constitution. Will also be responsible for Congressional relations, previously a function of the Government Secretariat. 
 
Onyx Lorenzoni
Lorenzoni was trained in veterinary medicine from the Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM) and is currently serving his fourth term as a federal deputy for Rio Grande do Sul.
 
3.  SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Formulates and implements national science and technology policy, and promotes research and exchange in this area for national development.
 
Marcos Pontes
Pontes holds a bachelor of science in aeronautical engineering from the Technological Institute of Aeronautics (ITA) and a Master’s in Systems Engineering from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School. A retired lieutenant colonel in the Air Force, he is the first and only Brazilian astronaut to go to space.
 
4.  MINES AND ENERGY
Proposes national policies and monitoring measures for the mining and energy sector. Eletrobrás and Petrobras are linked to the Ministry, which controls a number of other state companies. 
 
Bento Albuquerque
Albuquerque is a four star admiral and former commander of the Brazilian Submarine Force. He was director-general of the Secretariat of the Inter-American Defense Board (JID) in Washington, D.C., and acted as chief parliamentary advisor to the Navy Commander. He also served as an observer to the UN Peace Mission in Sarajevo and is the current director of the Navy’s nuclear development program. 
 
5.  INFRASTRUCTURE
The new ministry will take over the portfolios of the current Ministries of Transport, Ports, and Civil Aviation; and is responsible for launching the main infrastructure projects in Brazil. The new government has yet to decide which ministry will gain the portfolio of the Investment Partnership Program (PPI), which includes oil and gas auctions, power transmission lines, and concessions for railroads, ports, and airports.
 
Tarcísio Gomes de Freitas
Gomes de Freitas is currently the executive director of the Federal Department of Infrastructure Transport (DNIT). He trained as a civil engineer at the Military Institute of Engineering (IME).
 
6.  PRESIDENTIAL OFFICE OF INSTITUTIONAL SECURITY
Directly advises the President on military and national security matters.
 
Augusto Heleno
Heleno is a retired general graduated from the Agulhas Negras Military Academy. He previously served as military commander of the Amazon and as the chief of the Army’s Department of Science and Technology, and led the UN Peace Mission in Haiti.
 
7.  DEFENSE
Establishes defense and security policies, implements the National Defense Strategy (NDT), and coordinates military operations and international defense cooperation.
 
Fernando Azevedo e Silva
Azevedo e Silva is a reserve general trained at Agulhas Negras Military Academy. He works as a legal advisor to Justice José Antonio Dias Toffoli, president of the Supreme Federal Court (STF). He has held positions in three previous administrations: those of Fernando Collor, Lula da Silva, and Dilma Rousseff. 
 
8.  EDUCATION
Organizes the education system and creates educational policies and guidelines. 
 
Ricardo Vélez Rodríguez
Vélez Rodríguez is a philosopher and professor emeritus at the Brazilian Army Command and General Staff School. He holds a master’s in Brazilian thought from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC) and a PhD in Luso-Brazilian thought from the Universidade Gama Filho. He was born in Colombia and naturalized in 1997.
 
9.  HEALTH
Promotes health of the population, improves quality of life, and works to control and reduce endemic and parasitic diseases.
 
Luiz Henrique Mandetta
Mandetta is a pediatrician by training and a federal deputy for Mato Grosso do Sul. He was formerly Secretary of Health of the city of Campo Grande in Mato Grosso do Sul.
 
10.  FOREIGN AFFAIRS
Also known as Itamaraty. Responsible for Brazilian foreign policy and international relations at the bilateral, regional, and multilateral levels. It also has an export promotional agency (APEX).
 
Ernesto Fraga Araújo
Araújo studied language and literature at the University of Brasília and is a career diplomat. He is the current director of the Department of the United States, Canada, and Inter-American Affairs. He served on embassy staffs in Germany, Canada, and the United States, and was promoted to the rank of ambassador in 2018.
 
11.  CITIZENSHIP
A new Ministry that integrates the Ministries of Sport, Culture, Social Development, and part of the National Secretariat for Drug Policy. This ministry will be responsible for social programs like Bolsa Família.
 
Osmar Terra
Terra is a federal deputy for Rio Grande do Sul and a doctor by training. He is a former minister for Social Development.
 
12.  AGRICULTURE
Formulates and implements policies for agribusiness development and technological advancement.
 
Tereza Cristina
Cristina trained as an agricultural engineer at Viçosa Federal University in Minas Gerais. She was president of the Forum of Secretaries of Agriculture of Brazil and the rural caucus, and previously, secretary of Agricultural Development, Industry, Commerce and Tourism for Mato Grosso do Sul. Currently, she is a federal deputy for Minas Gerais. 
 
13.  TOURISM
Responsible for developing tourism as a sustainable economic activity, generating jobs and foreign exchange, and planning and managing tourist regions.
 
Marcelo Álvaro Antônio 
Antônio is a businessman and two-term federal deputy for Minas Gerais. He is a member of the evangelical caucus in Congress. 
 
14.  JUSTICE AND PUBLIC SECURITY
Oversees law and order, judicial policy and public security, and ensures political and constitutional rights are guaranteed.
 
Sérgio Moro
Moro has been a federal judge in Curitiba for the past twenty-two years. He holds a JD from the Federal University of Paraná, and studied at Harvard Law School. He was the lead judge of the Lava Jato investigations, including the prosecution of former president Lula, former speaker of the House Eduardo Cunha, and various business executives.
 
15.  REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Integrates the Ministry of National Integration and the Ministry of Cities, and will be responsible for formulating and conducting a national policy for regional development and administering development plans, programs, and integration strategies. 
 
Gustavo Henrique Canuto
Canuto is an expert in public policy and government management with experience working in the Ministry of Planning. He is currently the executive secretary of the Ministry of National Integration. He holds a degree in computer engineering from the University of Campinas (Unicamp) and a law degree from Centro Universitário de Brasilia. 
 
16.  CENTRAL BANK
Manages economic policy to maintain stability and purchasing power of the local currency. Defines monetary policy. 
 
Roberto Campos Neto
Campos Neto is a senior executive at Santander Brasil. He is an economist by training with a specialization in finance, having studied at the University of California Los Angeles. 
 
17.  TRANSPARENCY AND COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNION
Assists the President with treasury and public assets and government policies for transparency. Also responsible for supervising, managing, and regulating government offices.
 
Wagner de Campos Rosário
Rosário is the current minister for Transparency and CGU in the Temer government and will remain at the post, which he has held since 2017, in the Bolsonaro government. He studied military sciences at Agulhas Negras Military Academy and received an master’s in anti-corruption and rule of law from the University of Salamanca in Spain.
 
18.  GENERAL SECRETARIAT OF THE PRESIDENCY
Assists President of the Republic in carrying out duties. Includes bodies like strategic affairs, communications, and special counseling.
 
Gustavo Bebianno
Bebianno is a lawyer by training and a close adviser to the President-elect. He is a former president of the Social Liberal Party (PSL).
 
19.  ATTORNEY-GENERAL'S OFFICE
Represents the state in legal proceedings and other judicial matters, and provides counsel to the presidency.
 
André Luiz de Almeida Mendonça
De Almeida Mendonça holds a master’s from the University of Salamanca on corruption and the rule of law and a post-graduate degree in Public Law from the University of Brasília. He is a lawyer by trade, as well as a pastor in the “Esperança” Presbyterian church  in Brasília. He became the inspector-general of AGU in 2016.
 
20.  GOVERNMENT SECRETARIAT
Main role is to conduct dialogue with Congress and prominent political parties, as well as government at the state and municipal levels. It is also through this secretariat that the government will establish relations with civil society and youth organizations.
 
Carlos Alberto Santos Cruz
Lieutenant General Santos Cruz studied at Agulhas Negras Military Academy, led UN troops in Haiti and in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and currently serves in the General Army Reserve and as chief of military issues for the Secretariat of Strategic Issues (SAE) of the presidency.
 
21.  WOMEN, FAMILY, AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Formerly the Ministry of Human Rights, the new entity is responsible for human rights policy and regulations, with a specific focus on women. It also includes the National Indian Foundation of Brazil (FUNAI), which is responsible for the demarcation of indigenous lands and public policies aimed at indigenous peoples.
 
Damares Alves
An evangelical pastor, Alves was an adviser to Senator Magno Malta. She has stated that she will prioritize policies for women and promote the proposed National Pact for Youth.
 
22.  ENVIRONMENT
Formulates and implements public environmental policies to promote sustainable development and environmental protection and conservation.
 
Ricardo de Aquino Salles
Salles is a former state secretary for the environment in São Paulo. He studied law at Mackenzie University and holds post-graduate degrees from the University of Coimbra and the Fundação Getúlio Vargas (business administration).
 
 
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Sources: G1, InfoMoney, BrasilGov, Poder360
 
Images: 
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2. onyx lorenzoni [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
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12. Michel Jesus/Câmara dos Deputados [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
13. Mateusvonrondon [CC BY-SA 4.0], from Wikimedia Commons
14. CCJ - Comissão de Constituição, Justiça e Cidadania (21295825265).jpg: Senado Federal [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
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