A landmark achievement for human rights, the Jackson-Vanik Amendment to the Trade Act of 1974 makes favorable trade status conditional on the freedom of emigration. Almost 40 years later, the amendment is still in effect for certain nations, including Russia, which has complicated the U.S.-Russia trade relationship. Experts honor the legacy and debate the relevance of Jackson-Vanik in today's world. 

The Kennan Institute has organized multiple panel discussions on this pressing issue, both at the Woodrow Wilson Center and Congress. Information on all of the Kennan Institute's work on the Jackson-Vanik amendment, including video, publications, and news, can now easily be accessed using our newest collection: "U.S.-Russian Relations: The Legacy of Jackson-Vanik."