USAID's Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation (CMM) continues to develop technical assistance in critical focus areas related to conflict, including youth, land, local governance, water, natural resources, livelihoods, human rights, and gender. These "toolkits" explain the connections between the focus area and conflict, and aim to provide USAID missions with access to concrete, practical program options, lessons learned, and information about potential partners, mechanisms, and monitoring and evaluation tools.

ECSP helped write three of the toolkits addressing the linkages between conflict and certain natural resources (minerals, forests, and water), in collaboration with the Center for International Forestry Research in Bogor, Indonesia; Adelphi Research in Berlin, Germany; and, in the case of the minerals paper, the International Institute for Sustainable Development's Geneva office. The initial version of the toolkit on minerals can be downloaded from USAID's website; the toolkits on forests and water will be released later this year.

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