According to some historical accounts, Israel came very close to deploying nuclear weapons during the Yom Kippur War. But a newly released firsthand account of high-level deliberations provides a more nuanced account of what occurred. Avner Cohen is a senior fellow at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies and a former Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Dr. Cohen is the author of two groundbreaking books on Israeli nuclear history and has worked with the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project for the past two years to facilitate the release of historical materials from his research collection.