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What People are Saying

“Recommended to anyone who wants to learn about ethnic minorities and the general problems of the former Yugoslavia and those who want an insider's account on diplomacy in the Balkans region.”—Fotis Mavromatidis, Journal of Contemporary European Studies

“Ahrens is a career specialist whose extensive familiarity with the region lends a certain scholarly substance to this volume.”—Choice

“An important contribution to the literature, particularly because of its comprehensive treatment of mediation efforts during the recent Balkan conflicts and the attention given to the fate of minorities.”—Victor Peskin, Slavic Review

“Ahrens’ book reflects excellent scholarship and deserves a broad readership in the field of international relations.”—Reneo Lukic, Canadian Slavonic Papers

"Ambassador Ahrens participated from the start in efforts to mediate conflict in the former Yugoslavia. He had the unusual advantage of knowing Yugoslavia well (which other mediators did not) and speaking Serbo-Croatian. The study should provoke renewed interest, and perhaps debate, about the actions of the major figures in the drama.”—Paul Shoup, Professor Emeritus, University of Virginia

“Geert Ahrens spent a decade as a top diplomat negotiating peace in the former Yugoslavia. He has written a superb memoir of European and American diplomacy beginning with the fruitless effort to head off the violent break up of Yugoslavia in 1991 through the Croatia and Bosnia peace negotiations in the first half of the 1990s and culminating in the Kosova War in 1999. Candid and lucidly written, Diplomacy on the Edge is an important contribution to the history of the Balkans in the 1990s by a professional diplomat who helped shape that history.”—Peter W. Galbraith, U.S. Ambassador to Croatia 1993–1998

Chapter List

Author’s Note, Autumn 2006
Abbreviations Introduction

Part I. International Mediation Focused on All of Former Yugoslavia
1. The Ethnicities of Yugoslavia in 1991
2. The Conferences on Yugoslavia
3. The Minorities Working Group
4. Three Parameters for a Solution

Part II. Croatia
5. Croats and Serbs
6. The Carrington Conference and Croatia (1991–1992)
7. Stagnation (1993–1995)
8. From the Z-4 Plan Back to War (1995)
9. After the “Storm” (1995–1996)

Part III. Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
10. Bosnia and Herzegovina
11. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
12. Sandzak
13. Vojvodina
14. Albanians of Montenegro and Southern Serbia

Part IV. Kosovo
15. Albanians and Slavs until 1945
16. Kosovo in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugo
17. The Carrington Conference: Standstill (1991–1992)
18. Negotiations at Last (1992–1993)
19. Disruption of Mediation, Last Attempt, and Aftermath (1993–1999)

Part V. Macedonia
20. Macedonia and Its Four Neighbors
21. The Carrington Conference and the Albanian Problem (1991–1992)
22. Macedonia's Other Minorities
23. The ICFY and the Albanian Problem (1992–1996)
24. Neglect and Its Consequences (1996–2001)

Part VI. Appraisal of the International Intervention
25. Results: The Former Yugoslavia in 2004
26. Crisis Assessment and Intervention
27. Interaction with the Yugoslavs
28. Unity and Disunity
29. Negotiators, Negotiations, and Their Limits

Conclusions: Future Tasks and Lessons Learned 

About Woodrow Wilson Center Press

Woodrow Wilson Center Press publishes books by fellows, other resident scholars, and staff written in substantial part at the Wilson Center.