Getting basic services—housing, transportation, trash disposal, water, and sanitation—poses almost unimaginable challenges to the urban poor of Asia. The Inclusive City provides case studies of how governmental programs attempt to meet these challenges by directly involving the poor themselves in improving their access to urban services through collaborative efforts. Case studies are drawn from the largest cities in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, China (including Hong Kong), Indonesia, and the Philippines. Contributors to the book are scholar-practitioners from Asia as well as Australia, Canada, and the United States.

Aprodicio A. Laquian is professor emeritus of community and regional planning, University of British Columbia, and author of Beyond Metropolis: The Planning and Governance of Asia’s Mega-Urban Regions. Vinod Tewari is the former director of the National Institute of Urban Affairs in Delhi. Lisa M. Hanley is a former project associate for the Comparative Urban Studies Project at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.



1. Introduction: Inclusion and Exclusion in Asian Cities

2. Who Are the Poor, and How Are They Served in Asian Cities?
Aprodicio A. Laquian

3. Improving Housing and Basic Services for the Urban Poor in India
Vinod Tewari, Usha Raghupathi, and Jamal Husain Ansari

4. Community Upgrading and Institutional Capacity Building for the Urban Poor in Asia
Basil van Horen

5. Access and Mobility for the Urban Poor in India
Madhav G. Badami, Geetam Tiwari, and Dinesh Mohan

6. Balancing Efficiency and Equity in Public Transit in Pakistan
Murtaza Haider and Madhav G. Badami

7. Urban Transport in Chinese Cities: The Impact on the Urban Poor
Zhong-Ren Peng and Yi Zhu

8. Public Transit in Hong Kong: Does It Help the Poor?
James Jixian Wang and Crystal Chan

9. Solid Waste Management in Asian Cities: Implications for the Urban Poor
Virginia W. Maclaren, Nazrul Islam, and Salma A. Shafi

10. The Privatization of Water Services: Effects on the Urban Poor in Jakarta and Metro Manila
Teti Argo and Aprodicio A. Laquian

11. The Coordination of Infrastructure and Public Services for the Urban Poor in Asia
Ellen Brennan-Galvin

12. Municipal and Metropolitan Governance: Are They Relevant to the Urban Poor?
K. C. Sivaramakrishnan


“The strength of this book lies in the inclusive manner in which it deals with issues of public delivery, especially for the disempowered and the marginalized sections of Asian cities. It also looks into local initiatives for positive change and local interventions by government agencies. The work highlights collaborative endeavors for urban renewal and urban exemplars worthy of replication.”—Sudha Mohan, Department of Civics and Politics, University of Mumbai

“This is a thoughtful, useful, well written, and carefully researched book that is void of trivia. It has this reviewer’s strongest recommendation. It should find a place within library holdings and readings lists in academic programmes and courses that deal with urban and poverty studies. Moreover, it will be instructive to both NGO and official development assistance professionals.”—Robert L. Curry, Jr., ASEAN Economic Bulletin

“The book presents interesting case descriptions and discussions… It is a good buy.”—Angelique Chettiparamb, International Planning Studies

“The book provides an important addition to literature in this field and offers a fresh understanding of South Asian cities.”—Ya Ping Wang, Pacific Affairs

“This is a useful jargon-free book that serves in very practical fashion at least to brief readers comprehensively on the scale and scope of infrastructural and urban services planning as it relates to the poor in Asian cities.”—George Pomeroy, Journal of Regional Science