Larry Berman is professor of political science at University of California, Davis, and a former Fellow of the Woodrow Wilson Center.

The word heard so often when Vietnam is discussed is "betrayal." The North Vietnamese sense of betrayal after deposing the French is held to be one cause of the later, broader conflict. The South Vietnamese felt betrayal in the sense of unfilled American promises to remain after the truce. American soldiers have long expressed a view that they were undercut by the political management of the war. Larry Berman, who is writing a book about the end of the war, discusses the messy end of a still controversial conflict.