Shmuel Eisenstadt is a former fellow of the Woodrow Wilson Center and of the Van Leev Institute in Jerusalem.

The lessons and benefits of the Enlightenment have been bestowed on nations in ways that are influenced by their histories and culture. This common sense observation is the heart of Shmuel Eisenstadt's consideration of how the volatility of these combinations results in multiple modernities. Globalism still involves a multitude of approaches to modernity. Most surprisingly, he argues fundamentalism is an aspect of modernity, not its antithesis.