Karina Korostelina examined the use of historical narratives as an element of nation building in Ukraine, and analyzed the role of history teachers in this process. Based on 60 semi-structural interviews with history teachers in Ukraine, the speaker described three major national narratives used by history teachers to produce specific meaning of social identity among school pupils. The speaker also described how history teachers build national identity in their classrooms by altering the teaching curricula and textbook narratives in promoting their own visions of nation building.