Victoria Zhuravleva presented her studies of American perceptions of Russia as a multi-leveled phenomenon. Her presentation draws upon her work with diverse sources, including diplomatic and private correspondence, memoirs, diaries, travelogues, tourist guidebooks, pamphlets, American textbooks on world and European history, fiction, and press accounts (especially cartoons). This rich distillation of primary sources provides a revealing glimpse at how American views of Russia have evolved and/or remained consistent over time.