Amb. Raymond L. Garthoff is a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, a specialist on arms control, intelligence, the Cold War, NATO, and the former Soviet Union. He is a former U.S. Ambassador to Bulgaria, and has advised U.S. State Department on treaties. He has a B.A. from Princeton in 1948, a M.A. in 1949 and PhD from Yale in 1951. He is the author of numerous scholarly papers, books, and has been featured on PBS documentaries. He is well known for his refutation of Team B's and Richard Pipes's characterization of Soviet nuclear doctrine.