Project Summary

the problem of the attitude of the high rank bureaucracy to Nicholas II and the constitution of different groups in the ruling circles; covers the period from the ascension of Nicholas II up to Manifesto of October 17; To what extent is the historiographic division of the ruling elite on the conservative traditionalists and liberal modernizers?; How was the recruitment policy of the supreme power instigated and concerned by the circles (both dynastic and bureaucratic) close to the emperor?; What was the technology of patterning of public opinion and what role does the press play?