I am a professor of political science and research director of the Program on Global Security of the Thomas J. Watson Jr. Institute for International Studies at Brown University. A native of Saint Louis, Missouri, I received my B.A. in 1964 from Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and the Special Program in European Civilization, and my Ph.D. in political science in 1969 from Stanford University. From 1968 through 1985, I served in the political science department at the University of Minnesota, where I also directed the Quigley Center of International Studies and later the Stassen Center for World Peace in the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs. My primary research interests concern international negotiation and conflict resolution, and my major book entitled The Negotiation Process and the Resolution of International Conflicts was published by the University of South Carolina Press in 1996. I am also the author of numerous articles on the negotiation and conflict resolution process, especially on the application of behavioral science concepts to the analysis of international diplomacy. I am co-author with Daniel Druckman of "Behavioral Aspects of Negotiations on Mutual Security," in Philip E. Tetlock et al. (eds.), Behavior, Society and Nuclear War, Vol. 1 (Oxford University Press, 1991). In academic year 1997-98, I was a recipient of a Fulbright Fellowship to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in Vienna, Austria, and of a Jennings Randolph Senior Fellowship at the United States Institute of Peace in Washington, D.C., where I conducted research and writing on the role of the OSCE in conflict management in the former Soviet Union and the Balkans region. My monograph on Building Security in Post-Cold War Eurasia: The OSCE and U.S. Foreign Policy was published by the U.S. Institute of Peace in its Peaceworks series in 1999. I also completed a major study on "The OSCE: Its Contribution to Conflict Prevention and Resolution" for the National Academy of Sciences included in their volume on International Conflict Resolution after the Cold War (National Academy Press, 2000), as well as numerous other articles on the work of the OSCE in conflict prevention, management, and resolution that have appeared during the past six years. My research recently focused as well on the security implications of the disintegration of the Soviet empire and of the developing relations among the semi-sovereign entities that have emerged from the former Soviet Union across a broad range of issues. I am co-author of a monograph based on this program entitled Integration and Disintegration in the Former Soviet Union: Implications for Regional and Global Security published as an occasional paper by the Watson Institute, and I am currently editing a book based on this project, which was supported by the Program on the Prevention of Deadly Conflicts of the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the United States Institute of Peace. My publications from this project include "Disintegrating States: Separating without Violence," in Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict (I. William Zartman, ed.), and Preventive Negotiation: Avoiding Conflict Escalation (Rowman and Littlefield, 2001). My articles on arms control include "Strategic Arms Control Negotiations: SALT and START," in Rudolf Avenhaus, Victor Kremenyuk, and Gunnar Sjostedt (eds.), Containing the Atom: International Negotiations on Nuclear Security and Safety (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2002), "From MBFR to CFE: Negotiating Conventional Arms Control in Europe," in Richard Dean Burns (ed.), Encyclopedia of Arms Control and Disarmament (Scribner's, 1993); "Arms Control and Arms Reductions, View I," in Victor A Kremenyuk (ed.), International Negotiations: Analysis, Approaches, Issues (Jossey-Bass, 1991 and 2002); and "Mutual Security and Arms Reductions in Europe," in Richard Smoke and Andrei Kortunov (eds.), Mutual Security: A New Approach to Soviet-American Relations (St. Martin's Press, 1991). I have been a research fellow of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Geneva, and twice a Fulbright fellow in Belgium. After my fellowship at the Woodrow Wilson Center I will take up my second Fulbright Fellowship at the Diplomatic Academy in Vienna, Austria. In 1994-95, I was chair of the Brown University faculty and of its executive committee. From 1985 to 1994, I was founding director of the International Relations Program, which offers one of the largest undergraduate concentrations at Brown. I was acting director of the Office of International Programs and associate dean of the faculty in 1990-91, charged with student and faculty exchanges between Brown and institutions abroad. Currently I serve on the university-wide Tenure, Promotion, and Appointments Committee. From 1980-1985, I served as editor of the International Studies Quarterly, the official journal of the International Studies Association, and I currently serve on the Editorial Board of International Politics. I was a vice president of the International Studies Association in 1991-92. I was co-chair in 1998 of the program of the joint conference of ISA and the Standing Group on International Relations of the European Consortium for Political Research, held in Vienna, Austria, and in 2003 I was program co-chair of the joint conference of ISA and the Central and East European International Studies Association in Budapest, Hungary. In 1992 I was a recipient of the Pew Faculty Fellowship in International Studies at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. My teaching includes basic theories of international politics from the introductory undergraduate level through the graduate level, as well as courses on "Conflict and Cooperation in International Politics," "Global Security After the Cold War," and "International Negotiations and Conflict Resolution."


B.A. (1964) Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs; M.A. (1965) Political Science, Stanford University; Ph.D. (1969) Political Science, Stanford University


  • Professor of Political Science, Brown University, 1985-present
  • Assistant, Associate and Full Professor of Political Science, University of Minnesota, 1968-85


International politics, especially international negotiations and conflict management/resolution; international security, especially in the European/Eurasian region; international security institutions, especially the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe; arms control and disarmament

Project Summary

My project entails completing a full-length book on the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, evaluating its contribution to regional security in Eurasia. I focus on the OSCE's contribution to peace-building in Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. My thesis is that security in this region can effectively be enhanced through multilateral efforts that involve the active participation of all regional states, especially the United States, the European Union, and Russia. The OSCE has developed a significant capacity to serve these collective goals through the prevention, management, and resolution of conflicts in this critical region.

Major Publications

  • Building Security in Post-Cold War Eurasia: The OSCE and U.S. Foreign Policy Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace, Peaceworks #31, 1999
  • The Negotiation Process and the Resolution of International Conflicts (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1996 and 1998)
  • Unity and Disintegration in International Alliances: Comparative Studies with Ole R. Holsti and John D. Sullivan (New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons, 1973)